Lost Paradises and the Ethics of Research and Publication
Institute of Biosciences Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul Francisco M. Salzano Department of Genetics, Department of Anthropology University of New Mexico A. Magdalena Hurtado Associate Professor
Oxford University Press, USA, Nov 20, 2003 - Social Science - 248 pages
In 2000, the world of anthropology was rocked by a high-profile debate over the fieldwork performed by two prominent anthropologists, Napoleon Chagnon and James V. Neel, among the Yanamamo tribe of South America. The controversy was fueled by the publication of Patrick Tierney's incendiary Darkness in El Dorado which accused Chagnon of not only misinterpreting but actually inciting some of the violence he perceived among these "fierce people". Tierney also pointed the finger at Neel as the unwitting agent of a deadly measles outbreak. Attracting a firestorm of attention, Tierney's book went straight to the heart of anthropology's most pressing questions: What are the right ways to study a tribal people? How can scientists avoid unduly influencing those among whom they live? What guidelines should govern the interactions - economic, social, medical, and sexual - between a scientist in the field and the people being studied? This volume represents anthropology's thoughtful, measured reply to the issues raised by this heated controversy. Placing the dispute within the context of ongoing debates over the ethics of biomedical research among human populations, the contributors to this volume discuss how the interaction between investigators and their subjects can most sensibly be governed. They consider the responsibility of the media in disseminating anti-scientific and pseudo-scientific views, and how scientists might best educate journalists to enable them to effectively educate others. In the wake of what was widely construed as a major scientific scandal, this landmark volume lays out in detail the principles and ground rules of anthropological and scientific fieldwork.
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acculturating Ache active alleles Amazon Amazonia American Journal Amerindian Amerinds anthropologists antibody antigens antiscience Brazil Brazilian Cademos de Saude Callegari-Jacques cause Chagnon chapter Coimbra cultural cytokine death diversity Dorado Early and Peters ectoparasites effects environmental Epidemiology ethical F. M. Salzano field genes Genome groups Hames and Kuzara Health Organization helminths hepatitis hosts Human Genetics Hurtado immune response individuals infection infectious diseases informed consent J. V. Neel Journal of Human Korubo Kuzara Hames malaria Mavaca measles measles epidemic mortality native communities native health native populations Neel's Ocamo onchocerciasis Papers of JVN parasites pathogens Patrick Tierney percent prevalence programs public health R. V. Santos rates Salzano Saude Publica Schull scientific scientists social sociobiology South American Indians South American natives study population Surui susceptibility Th2 cells Tierney Tierney's tion tribe tuberculosis University vaccine Venezuela virus World Health Organization Xavante Yanomamo Yanomamo villages
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