Reinventing Revolution: New Social Movements and the Socialist Tradition in India
This study describes and analyses the new social movements that have arisen in India over the past two decades, in particular the anti-caste movement (of both the untouchables and the lower-middle castes), the women's liberation movement, the farmers' movement (centred on struggles arising out of their integration into a state-controlled capitalist market), and the environmental movements (opposition to destructive development, including resistance to big dam projects and the search for alternatives). Rooted in participant observation, it focuses on the ideologies and self-understanding of the movements themselves. The central themes of this book are the origin of movements in the socio-economic contradictions of post-independence India; their effect on political developments, in particular the disintegration of Congress hegemony; their relation to "traditional Marxist" theory and Communist practice; and their groping toward a synthesis of theory and practice that constitutes a new social vision distinct from traditional Marxism.
The National Movement and the Roots of Socialism
From Independence to the Naxalite Revolt
The Anticaste Movement
The Womens Movement
The Farmers Movement
The Environmental Movement
The Marxist Vision and the Working Class
The Crisis of Traditional Politics
Women Peasants Tribals Environment
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activists adivasi agitation agrarian agricultural laborers alliance alternative Ambedkar Andhra anticaste movement argued backward castes base began Bihar Bombay brahmans campaign capital capitalist caste Hindu challenge Chandwad conference Congress CPI(M cultural dalit movement debate Delhi democratic district dominant ecological Economic and Political elections elite environmental movement exploitation farmers feminist fight forces forest Gandhi Gandhian groups Gujarat Hindu ideology India industrial intellectuals issues Janata Jharkhand Kerala Kisan land landlords leaders leadership left parties liberation linked Lokayan low castes Maharashtra major Mandal Commission Marathi Marxist ment militant mobilized Muslims Narmada Naxalite nonbrahman oppression Panthers peasant movement peasantry percent perspective Political Weekly production Punjab rally region revolution rural poor sections Sharad Joshi Shetkari Sanghatana shudra simply slogan social movements socialist society struggle themes tion traditional trend tribal upsurge urban V. P. Singh village violence wage women women's movement workers
Page xi - Long years ago we made a tryst with destiny, and now the time comes when we shall redeem our pledge, not wholly or in full measure, but very substantially. At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom.
Page xi - ... one man one value. How long shall we continue to live this life of contradictions? How long shall we continue to deny equality in our social and economic life? If we continue to deny it for long, we will do so only by putting our political democracy in peril. We must remove this contradiction at the earliest possible moment or else those who suffer from inequality will blow up the structure of political democracy which this Assembly has so laboriously built up.