Coastal-Marine Conservation: Science and Policy

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John Wiley & Sons, Apr 1, 2009 - Science - 344 pages
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Coastal-Marine Conservation: Science and Policy introduces studentsand managers to complex conservation and management issues facingcoastal nations of the world, their citizens, and international andnon-governmental organizations. It aims to reduce complexity andinspire a greater consensus for more effective conservationaction.



  • Presents the coastal realm as a heterogeneous, diverseecosystem of exceptionall high biological diversity andproductivity, and where conservation challenges are most difficultand urgent
  • Examines the critical issues facing coastal-marine conservationand the mechanisms for dealing with them
  • Reviews the basic science required for addressing conservationissues by presenting the coastal realm as a land-sea ecosystem ofglobal significance, and by reviewing the natural-history featuresof coastal-marine organisms
  • Presents three ecologically and latitudinally distinct"real-world" case studies to create a context for understanding ofregional systems, their cultures, and their conservation: the polarBering Sea, the temperate Chesapeake Bay, and the tropicalBahamas
  • Makes apparent the ecological stresses on the coastal realm,increasing rates of ecosystem change, loss of ecosystem health, andfragmented governance
  • Synthesizes the major challenges for conservation and suggestsfuture policy and management strategies, including ecosystemmanagement and needs for achieving sustainability and addressingthe environmental debt

This book is intended for undergraduates and graduates takingcourses in coastal and marine conservation and management, as wellas those actively engaged in coastal-marine conservationactivities, and gives the reader a clear steer to future managementapproaches.

References additional to those in the book are available athttp://www.blackwellpublishing.com/pdf/ray_references.pdf

The artwork is available to download athttp://www.blackwellpublishing.com/ray/

 

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Contents

Science and Policy Section I Issues and mechanisms
1
Science and Policy Chapter 1 Conservation issues
3
Science and Policy 13 Secondary issues
10
Science and Policy 14 Tertiary issues
22
Science and Policy 15 Conclusion
26
Science and Policy Chapter 2 Mechanisms
27
Science and Policy 23 Governance
32
Science and Policy 24 New directions
44
Science and Policy 55 Assessing ecosystem condition
163
Science and Policy 56 Restoration the Chesapeake Bay Program
169
Science and Policy 57 Conclusion
170
Science and Policy Chapter 6 Bering Sea marine mammals in a regional sea
172
Science and Policy 62 Physical setting
173
Science and Policy 63 Biotic relationships
177
Science and Policy 64 Historical exploitation of Beringian marine mammals
180
Science and Policy 65 Steller sea lion Eumetopias jubatus
182

Science and Policy 25 Agents of change
46
Science and Policy 26 Conclusion
56
Science and Policy Section II Science
57
Science and Policy Chapter 3 The coastalrealm ecosystem
59
Science and Policy 33 Defining attributes
62
Science and Policy 34 Physical components
67
Science and Policy 35 Biotic landseascapes
76
Science and Policy 36 Coastalrealm properties
78
Science and Policy 37 The coastal realm a complex ecosystem
83
Science and Policy 38 Conclusion
89
Science and Policy Chapter 4 Natural history of coastalmarine organisms
91
Science and Policy 43 Life in water
95
Science and Policy 44 Lifehistory diversity
100
Science and Policy 45 Biological assembly
113
Science and Policy 46 Patterns
115
Science and Policy 47 Biogeography and environmental classification
122
Science and Policy 48 Conclusion
123
Science and Policy Section III Case studies Introduction to the case studies
127
Science and Policy Chapter 5 Chesapeake Bay estuarine alteration and restoration
133
Science and Policy 53 Ecosystem properties under biotic control
138
Science and Policy 54 Humans force and magnitude of change
155
Science and Policy 66 Pacific walrus Odobenus rosmarus divergens
189
Science and Policy 67 Conclusion
202
Science and Policy Chapter 7 The Bahamas tropicaloceanic island nation
205
Science and Policy 72 Process and pattern
206
Science and Policy 73 Natural resource conservation issues
214
Science and Policy 74 Roots of conservation in social history
227
Science and Policy 75 Conservation for sustainability
228
Science and Policy 76 Conclusion
235
Science and Policy Section IV Analysis and synthesis
239
Science and Policy Chapter 8 Coastalrealm change
241
Science and Policy 83 Conservation issues
245
Science and Policy 84 The humandominated coastal realm
259
Science and Policy 85 Conclusion
263
Science and Policy Chapter 9 Synthesis
265
Science and Policy 92 The rise of coastalrealm conservation
266
Science and Policy 93 Present challenges for coastalrealm conservation
269
Science and Policy 94 Strategies for coastalrealm conservation
285
Science and Policy 95 Conclusion
289
Science and Policy Citations and suggested readings
291
Science and Policy Index
316
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About the author (2009)

G. Carleton Ray is Research Professor of EnvironmentalSciences at the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.He has conducted research from the polar regions to the tropics,concentrating on biodiversity, fishes, marine mammals, andconservation science. He has also been actively engaged inprotected-area establishment.

Jerry McCormick-Ray is Senior Research Scientist ofEnvironmental Sciences at the University of Virginia,Charlottesville, Virginia. Her research has focused onphysiological and pollution ecology and conservation in temperateand tropical nearshore and estuarine systems.

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