Cycles of Time and Meaning in the Mexican Books of Fate

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University of Texas Press, Feb 1, 2007 - History - 307 pages
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In communities throughout precontact Mesoamerica, calendar priests and diviners relied on pictographic almanacs to predict the fate of newborns, to guide people in choosing marriage partners and auspicious wedding dates, to know when to plant and harvest crops, and to be successful in many of life's activities. As the Spanish colonized Mesoamerica in the sixteenth century, they made a determined effort to destroy these books, in which the Aztec and neighboring peoples recorded their understanding of the invisible world of the sacred calendar and the cosmic forces and supernaturals that adhered to time. Today, only a few of these divinatory codices survive. Visually complex, esoteric, and strikingly beautiful, painted books such as the famous Codex Borgia and Codex Borbonicus still serve as portals into the ancient Mexican calendrical systems and the cycles of time and meaning they encode.

In this comprehensive study, Elizabeth Hill Boone analyzes the entire extant corpus of Mexican divinatory codices and offers a masterful explanation of the genre as a whole. She introduces the sacred, divinatory calendar and the calendar priests and diviners who owned and used the books. Boone then explains the graphic vocabulary of the calendar and its prophetic forces and describes the organizing principles that structure the codices. She shows how they form almanacs that either offer general purpose guidance or focus topically on specific aspects of life, such as birth, marriage, agriculture and rain, travel, and the forces of the planet Venus. Boone also tackles two major areas of controversy—the great narrative passage in the Codex Borgia, which she freshly interprets as a cosmic narrative of creation, and the disputed origins of the codices, which, she argues, grew out of a single religious and divinatory system.

 

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Contents

Containers of the Knowledge of the World
1
Time the Ritual Calendar and Divination
13
The Symbolic Vocabulary of the Almanacs
33
Structures of Prophetic Knowledge
65
The Almanacs
83
Protocols for Rituals
157
The Cosmogony in the Codex Borgia
171
Provenience
211
A Mexican Divinatory System
231
Content Summaries
239
Notes
253
Bibliography
273
Index
295
Copyright

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About the author (2007)

Elizabeth Hill Boone holds the Martha and Donald Robertson Chair in Latin American Art at Tulane University.

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