Explorations in Temperament: International Perspectives on Theory and Measurement
Jan Strelau, Alois Angleitner
Springer US, Jul 31, 1991 - Psychology - 366 pages
The growing interest in research on temperament during the last decade has been re corded by several authors (e. g. , R. Plomin; J. E. Bates) from such sources of informa tion as the Social Sciences Citation Index or Psychological Abstracts. The editors' inquiry shows that the number of cases in which the term temperament was used in the title of a paper or in the paper's abstract published in Psychological Abstracts reveals an essential increase in research on temperament. During the years 1975 to 1979, the term temperament was used in the title and/or summary of 173 abstracts (i. e. , 34. 6 publications per year); during the next five years (1980-1984), it was used in 367 abstracts (73. 4 publications per year), whereas in the last five years (1985 to 1989), the term has appeared in 463 abstracts, that is, in 92. 6 publications per year. Even if the review of temperament literature is restricted to those abstracts, it can easily be concluded that temperament is used in different contexts and with different meanings, hardly allowing any comparisons or general statements. One of the consequences of this state of affairs is that our knowledge on temperament does not cumulate despite the increasing research activity in this field. This situation in temperament research motivated the editors to organize a one week workshop on The Diagnosis of Temperament (Bielefeld, Federal Republic of Germany, September 1987).
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Activity Level adolescents adult amygdala analysis Angleitner anxiety approach arousal assessment behavioral inhibition biochemical biological Buss & Plomin catecholamines characteristics Chess Child Development cognitive concept consistency context correlations cortisol developmental Developmental Psychology dopamine DOTS-R emotional emotionality evoked potentials experimental extraversion factors Fahrenberg fear function Goldsmith Gray H. J. Eysenck hypothesis impulsivity individual differences infant temperament instruments intensity interaction introverts Inventory Journal of Personality laboratory Lemer Lerner Longitudinal Mehrabian ment mothers motor negative neuropsychology neuroticism neurotransmitters nucleus accumbens parents patterns Personality and Individual personality psychology personality traits personology physiological Plomin positive predict Psychology psychometric psychophysiological Psychoticism ratings reactions reactivity regarding relationship reliability reported response Rothbart sample scores sensation-seeking serotonin significant situations social Social Psychology specific stimuli Strelau stress studies subjects TBAQ Temperament Questionnaire temperament research temperament scales temperament traits temperamental traits theory tion validity variables Windle York Zuckerman