The monuments of the Hittites. And The bilingual Hittite and cuneiform inscription of TarkondÍmos

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Page 4 - The most striking peculiarity of the Hittite system of writing is that the characters are always in relief. We may infer from this that the earliest Hittite inscriptions were not upon stone, but plates of metal. This inference is supported by the fact that the Hittite copy of the treaty made with Ramses Second of Egypt was engraved on a plate of silver.
Page 3 - At Boghaz Keui, the female deities wear mural crowns, from which we may infer the Hittite origin of this decoration of the Ephesian Artemis. The mural crown seems to have been a specially Hittite invention. On the other hand, the general character of the sculptures at Boghaz Keui, where some of the deities, for instance, are represented as standing upon animals, shows its dependence not on Assyrian, but on early Babylonian art.
Page 55 - The first result obtained from the determination of the two important characters for "king" and "country" is that the two long inscriptions from Carchemish both belong to the same monarch, whose name is written fe —^ IA. ; that the first six characters of the other inscription from Carchemish contain the name of another sovereign ; that a royal name is hidden among the characters attached to the pseudo-Sesostris ; and that royal names also occur in the inscriptions from Hamath. With the help of...
Page 16 - ... forms the gate-post, is a carving of the double-headed eagle, which has exactly the same form as at Boghaz Keui. If Boghaz Keui represents the Pteria of the Greeks, it is possible that, as Longperier suggested,2 the city may have been symbolised by it, pteris being the Greek name of the pteris aquilina or fern with leaves like a double eagle. However this may be, the Seljukian Sultans adopted the old symbol of the Hittites after taking possession of Kappadokia and Lykaonia in the eleventh century,...
Page 50 - ... of the engraver, or out of that affectation of antiquity and love of variety which caused the cuneiform characters in the so-called hieratic writing of Nineveh to be modified at the pleasure of the scribe. The age of Sargon would agree well with historical probabilities. It was in his time that Assyrian culture first gained a permanent footing in the west, while the overthrow of Carchemish and the last relics of Hittite power in BC 717 would naturally lead to the disuse of the Hittite mode of...
Page 55 - It seems to have the same meaning of ' king' or ' lord,' though the one hieroglyph may have denoted a 'rex' (Assyr., 'sarru;' Heb., ' melech'), the other a ' regulus' (Assyr., ' malicu ;' Heb.,
Page 54 - king' was represented in the same way. " Now that we have identified the Hittite representatives of ' king' and ' country,' there is little difficulty in determining the two groups of characters between which they come. The two hieroglyphs which precede the ideograph of
Page 56 - above," is sometimes associated with the royal cap. This has the shape of a basket handle ( 0=0 ) ; but Mr. Boscawen has pointed out to me that it represents the eyebrow on one of the figures at Boghaz Keui. To this day the Georgian women paint their eyebrows black in such a manner as to draw a continuous line or bar from one side of the forehead to the other. This black bar would have...
Page 53 - country." Now, a study of the Carchemish inscriptions had already led me to the same conclusion. In these inscriptions (J. II, 1, 1,) we find the double obelisk in a position which made me fancy that it denoted a country, while it seems to interchange with a triple obelisk /\/\/\/ the form of which exactly resembles that of the primitive hieroglyphic from which the ideograph of " country " and " mountain " (V) was derived in the cuneiform system of writing.

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