Bell's Electric Speaking Telephone: Its Invention, Construction, Application, Modification, and History

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D. Appleton, 1884 - Telephone - 526 pages
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Written eight years after Bell was granted the first official patent for its invention, this book provides an exceptionally detailed account of the telephone, including a comprehensive history as well as illustrated explanations of its components and related innovations.

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Page 448 - The method of, and apparatus for, transmitting vocal or other sounds telegraphically, as herein described, by causing electrical undulations, similar in form to the vibrations of the air accompanying the said vocal or other sounds, substantially as set forth.
Page 514 - It has long been known that when a permanent magnet is caused to approach the pole of an electro-magnet, a current of electricity is induced in the coils of the latter, and that, when it is made to recede, a current of opposite polarity to the first appears upon the wire.
Page 515 - Undulations are caused in a continuous voltaic current by the vibration or motion of bodies capable of inductive action, or by the vibration of the conducting wire itself in the neighborhood of such bodies. Electrical undulations may also be caused by alternately increasing and diminishing the resistance of the circuit, or by alternately increasing and diminishing the power of the battery.
Page 510 - But Bell discovered a new art — that of transmitting speech by electricity — and has a right to hold the broadest claim for it which can be permitted in any case; not to the abstract right of sending sounds by telegraph, without any regard to means, but to all means and processes which he has both invented and claimed. The invention is nothing less than the transfer to a wire of electrical vibrations like those which a sound has produced in the air.
Page 52 - The more I reflected upon this arrangement the more feasible did it seem to me ; indeed, I saw no reason why the depression of a number of keys at the tuning-fork end of the circuit should not be followed by the audible production of a full chord from the piano in...
Page 51 - He had succeeded in producing, artificially, certain of the vowel sounds by causing tuning-forks of different pitch to vibrate simultaneously by means of an electric current. Mr. Ellis was kind enough to grant me an interview for the purpose of explaining the apparatus employed by Helmholtz in producing these extraordinary effects, and I spent the greater part of a delightful day with him in investigating the subject At that time, however, I was too slightly acquainted with the laws of electricity...
Page 515 - ... apart The reciprocal vibration of the elements of a battery, therefore, occasions an undulatory action in the voltaic current. The external resistance may also be varied. For instance, let mercury or some other liquid form part of a voltaic circuit, then the more deeply the conducting wire...
Page 52 - I imagined to myself a series of tuning-forks of different pitches, arranged to vibrate automatically in the manner shown by Helmholtz, each fork interrupting at every vibration a voltaic current; and the thought occurred, 'Why should not the depression of a key like that of a piano direct the interrupted current from any one of these forks, through a telegraph wire, to a series of electromagnets operating the strings of a piano or other musical instrument, in which case a person might play the tuning-fork...
Page 78 - An extremely loud musical note is occasioned by the spark of a Ruhmkorff's coil when the primary circuit is made and broken with sufficient rapidity ; when two rheotomes of different pitch are caused simultaneously to open and close the primary circuit a double tone proceeds from the spark. A curious discovery, which may be of interest to you, has been made by Professor Blake.
Page 93 - With somewhat more advanced plans and more powerful apparatus, we may confidently expect that Mr. Bell will give us the means of making voice and spoken words audible through the electric wire to an ear hundreds of miles distant.

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