The Abolition of Slavery and the Aftermath of Emancipation in Brazil
DIVIn May 1888 the Brazilian parliament passed, and Princess Isabel (acting for her father, Emperor Pedro II) signed, the lei aurea, or Golden Law, providing for the total abolition of slavery. Brazil thereby became the last “civilized nation” to part with slavery as a legal institution. The freeing of slaves in Brazil, as in other countries, may not have fulfilled all the hopes for improvement it engendered, but the final act of abolition is certainly one of the defining landmarks of Brazilian history.
The articles presented here represent a broad scope of scholarly inquiry that covers developments across a wide canvas of Brazilian history and accentuates the importance of formal abolition as a watershed in that nation’s development./div
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abolitionism abolitionist African Afro-Brazilians agricultural analysis Antonio Conselheiro areas backlands Bahia Belo Monte Brazil Brazilian abolition Brazilian slavery Brazilian society British caboclo Calasans Canudos capital Capivary Castro Ceara chap church coffee colonial commercial Conrad Cuba Cuban Cunha Drescher economic elite employers essay Estudos European factory fazendas fazendeiros Fernandes former slaves free labor free population History immigrants industrial inventories Italian jagungos Joao Joaseiro labor force labor market land landowners libertos major manioc Maria Minas Gerais mobilization movement municipio negro Nina Rodrigues nineteenth century Northeast Paulista peasants percent period Pernambuco plantation planters police political poor free postemancipation povo production province race racial region Rio de Janeiro role rural Salvador Santo Sao Paulo Sergipe sertao Silva Jardim Slave Emancipation slave labor slave population slave trade slaveholding slaveowners slavery social southern sugar tion Toplin trabalho U.S. Civil War U.S. South United urban Vianna wages women workers