Army Surveillance in America, 1775-1980

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Yale University Press, 1991 - History - 325 pages
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Since the Revolution, Americans have debated what action the military should take toward civilians suspected of espionage, treason, or revolutionary activity. This important book-the first to present a comprehensive history of military surveillance in the United States-traces the evolution of America's internal security policy during the past two hundred years. Joan M. Jensen discusses how the federal government has used the army to intervene in domestic crises and how Americans have protested the violation of civil liberties and applied political pressure to limit military intervention in civil disputes. Although movements to expand and to constrain the military have each dominated during different periods in American history, says Jensen, the involvement of the army in internal security has increased steadily. Jensen describes a wide range of events and individuals connected to this process. These include Benedict Arnold's betrayal of West Point; the colonial wars in Cuba, where Lt. Andrew Rowan, the nation's first officer spy, won a medal for carrying a "Message for Garcia"; the development of "War Plans White" in the 1920s to guide the army's response in the event of domestic rebellion; the activities of J. Edgar Hoover and the FBI in the 1950s and 1960s; the use of the National Guard in the South at the height of the civil rights movement; and the surveillance of and violence against protesters during the Vietnam War. Scrutinizing the historic workings of the American government at closer range than has ever been done before, Jensen creates a vivid picture of the growing invisible intelligence empire within the United States government and of the men who created it.
 

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User Review  - ksmyth - LibraryThing

Interesting little book explaining the Army's growing role in intelligence gathering both overseas and domestically. My interest in domestic intelligence gathering and the suppression of radical ... Read full review

Army surveillance in America, 1775-1980

User Review  - Not Available - Book Verdict

In many ways these two penetrating works are complementary. Both authors are academic historians who have written extensively on the perplexing and disturbing question of domestic surveillance by the ... Read full review

Contents

The New Nation
8
Domestic Law Enforcement
24
The Legacy ofColonial Wars
49
Bringing Intelligence Home
111
Watching the Workers
137
The Disloyal the ProGerman the Malcontent
160
War Plans White
178
Expanding the Boundaries
211
War without End
230
The Constitution the Army and Internal Security
248
Sources
268
Index
311
Copyright

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About the author (1991)

Joan M. Jensen is the author of eleven books and more than fifty articles on United States history, including "Promise to the Land: Essays on Rural Women" and the Pulitzer Prize-nominated "Loosening the" "Bonds: Mid-Atlantic Farm Women, 1750-1850.

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