Art as spectacle: images of the entertainer since romanticism
Why do images of entertainers abound in European literature and art since Romanticism? From Baudelaire to Picasso, from Daumier to Fellini, mimes, clowns, aerialists, and jesters recur in major works by continental artists. In Art as Spectacle, Naomi Ritter investigates this phenomenon and offers explanations that transcend the array of works discussed. Her analysis implies much about the triangle of creator, work, and audience that inevitably controls art. Although a broadly comparative study underlies Art as Spectacle, the book focuses mainly on examples from Germany and France. Three areas of argument-identification, primitivism, and transcendence-account for the performer's ubiquity in the arts of the last two centuries. Ritter shows that writers, painters, choreographers, and filmmakers have persistently identified with the entertainer, whose roots lie in primitive ritual: a source of all art. Accordingly, the artist also sees the player as morally or spiritually elevated. With three chapters on literature, a chapter comparing poetry to painting, and a chapter each on dance, the visual arts, and film, Art as Spectacle offers unprecedented scope on a compelling topic in comparative studies. By integrating such varied material into an original commentary on the image of the entertainers, this book provides an invaluable resource for all the disciplines it touches.
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acrobat actor aerialist alter ego Apollinaire appears artist audience Balaganchik ballet Banville Baudelaire Baudelaire's Beckmann Benois Bergman bourgeois buffoon Callot carnival century chapter character child circus clown Columbine Commedia contrast critics crowd Cubism dance Daumier death drama Erdgeist evokes Fancioulle Fanny and Alexander Federico Fellini Fellini figures film fool Franz Kafka Gelsomina Grillparzer grotesque Harlequin Hence Hugo human hunger-artist Ibid idea ideal Ingmar Bergman innocence Jakob Jean Starobinski jester Josefine Kafka Kleist Knie Krull Lulu Mallarme Manet Mann mask metaphor Meyerhold mime modern moral musician Naked Night narrator nature Nicolo Nietzsche old clown Oskar painting parody performance Petrushka Picasso Pierrot play players poet prose poem Punchinello puppet recalls relation represents Rilke Rilke's role Romantic scene Schnier Seventh Seal shows spectacle stage starver story Stravinsky suggests symbol Taugenichts theater theme Thomas Mann tion tradition transcendence Ubermensch Vieux Saltimbanque Watteau Wedekind Werke Zampano Zarathustra