Ancient Self-Refutation: The Logic and History of the Self-Refutation Argument from Democritus to Augustine
A 'self-refutation argument' is any argument which aims at showing that (and how) a certain thesis is self-refuting. This is the first book-length treatment of ancient self-refutation and provides a unified account of what is distinctive in the ancient approach to the self-refutation argument, on the basis of close philological, logical and historical analysis of a variety of sources. It examines the logic, force, and prospects of this original style of argumentation within the context of ancient philosophical debates, dispelling various misconceptions concerning its nature and purpose and elucidating some important differences which exist both within the ancient approach to self-refutation and between that approach, as a whole, and some modern counterparts of it. In providing a comprehensive account of ancient self-refutation, the book advances our understanding of influential and debated texts and arguments from philosophers like Democritus, Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, the Stoics, the Academic sceptics, the Pyrrhonists and Augustine.
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truth falsehood and selfrefutation
blame and reversal
pragmatic or ad hominem
Must we philosophise? Aristotles protreptic argument
absolute self-refutation admit Aenesidemus afﬁrm afﬁrmation analysis ancient self-refutation Antiphasis Aoyos appearance is true Arcesilaus argued Aristotle Aristotle’s assertion Augustine’s auTov believe Burnyeat Carneades chapter Chrysippus concede conclusion conﬂict Consequentia Mirabilis contradiction contradictory deﬁnition Democritus difﬁcult dilemma Diogenes Dionysodorus discussion Dissoi Logoi dogmatic dogmatist e²nai elenctic elenctic proof Epicurus Everything is false existence of proof express falsehood falsiﬁed ﬁnal ﬁnd ﬁrst formulation impossible inconsistency interpretation jein judgement jwna kaª kcci l»gov logic Lucretius Mackie Mackie’s McPherran monism not-p oÉd n mllon oÉk one’s operational self-refutation opponent Parmenides passage perigraj peritr peritrop philosophical Plato possible pragmatic self-refutation premisses proposition Protagoras Pyrrhonian Pyrrhonism Pyrrhonist qualiﬁers reconstruction reﬂection reﬂexivity refutation reversal Sceptic Sedley self-bracketing self-refutation argument self-refutation charge sense Sextan Sextus Sextus Empiricus signiﬁcant simile Socrates someone speciﬁc stin Stoic sufﬁcient suggest tän Theaetetus thesis toÓ toÓto truth utterance veritas verum