Catholics and Sultans: The Church and the Ottoman Empire 1453-1923

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Cambridge University Press, Jun 22, 2006 - History - 400 pages
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This book surveys the relations between Catholics outside and inside the Ottoman Empire from 1453 to 1923. After the fall of Constantinople the only large Latin Catholic group to be incorporated into the sultan's domain were the Genoese who lived in Galata, across the Golden Horn from the Byzantine capital. Over the next few decades Turkish armies pushed into the Balkans, overrunning the Catholic population of Albania, Bosnia and Hungary. In the Orient, the sixteenth century saw the Maronites of Lebanon, the Latins of Palestine and most of the Greek islands, which once held Latin Catholic communities, come under Turkish rule. Papal response to the loss of these communities was initially a call to the crusade, but response from West European monarchs was disappointing. Their concerns were closer to home. French interest, however, lay in an alliance with the Turks against the Habsburgs. As a bonus, the Catholics of the Ottoman world received a protector at the Porte in the person of the French ambassador. The book traces the subsequent history of the Latin Catholics and each of the Eastern Catholic churches in the Ottoman Empire until its dissolution in 1923.
 

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Contents

Ottoman gains and the Catholic response
5
The Ottoman attack upon Catholics in the Balkans
31
The Catholics of Armenia and Syria come under
46
The Ottoman advance into Palestine and Egypt
59
The growth of French influence in Istanbul
67
The missions come under the Congregation for
88
The Balkans and Greece
117
The Orient and the Latin missions
127
The Near Eastern churches
190
Palestine and Egypt
214
The Catholics of Istanbul from the nineteenth
223
The Balkan churches
239
The Armenian Catholic community
256
The Maronites after the reign of Mahmut II
275
Syrian Catholics and the Chaldean church
293
Conclusion
312

Palestine Egypt and North Africa
145
1o The eighteenth century in Istanbul
153
The Balkans after the Peace of Karlowitz
167
The Catholic Armenians
178

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About the author (2006)

Charles A. Frazee is professor of churchhistory at Episcopal Theological School atClaremont.

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