From Warism to Pacifism: A Moral Continuum
Duane Cady views warism and pacifism as polar extremes on a continuum that embraces a full spectrum of ethical positions on the morality of war and peace. Realizing that he could not intellectually defend the notions of just-war theory, he found that he was a reluctant pacifist, a discovery that spurred this exploration of a position that is simultaneously admired and discounted as naive. From Warism to Pacifism exposes the pervasive, subconscious warism that is the dominant ideology in modern Western culture. Like racism and sexism, this uncritical presumption that war is morally justifiable, even morally required, misguides our attitudes and institutions. In its place, Cady proposes the development of a positive concept of peace, a vision that is distinct from the mere absence of war.Citing common objections to pacifist values, he describes peace as something more than the mere absence of war and demonstrates that pacifism is a defensible position. The major difficulty of the peace movement, he suggests, is the absence of a positive peace vision. The peace movement will continue to fail if its sole focus is anti-war. A challenge is issued: to transform our national "insecurity policy" into a civilian-based nonviolent defense. Author note: Duane L. Cady is Professor of Philosophy and Department Chair at Hamline University.
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A History of the Idea of Pacifism
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absolute pacifism achieved acts anti-war Carl von Clausewitz claim commitment concept of peace conflict consider context cooperative countervalue cultural degrees developed differences dominant economic ethics evil extreme fact fism force fundamental Gandhi Gene Sharp genuine Hamline University human Ibid individuals innocents issue James Turner Johnson Jan Narveson Jonathan Schell jus ad hellum jus in bello just-war tradition just-warist tradition means and ends means/ends Michael Walzer military modern moral continuum moral justification moral opposition moral restraint Narveson nations nature nonviolent action nonviolent resistance nuclear weapons objections to pacifism obliteration bombing options paci pacifist continuum pacifist thought Perhaps perspective Philosophical polar political positive peace problems question range of views realism reason reject resistance scale self-defense social society spectrum status quo struggle taking pacifism seriously technological pacifist threatening Thucydides tion understanding Unjust Wars values varieties of pacifism version of pacifism violence war realism warism wrong