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according Africa ancient angle animals appears Arabia Armenia Asia atmosphere axis basalt beds Bergmann calcareous called Caspian Sea Caucasus centre chain Circassians circle circles of latitude climate coasts cold colour considered contains copper crystallized distance earth east elevated equal equator Euphrates Europe extend feet feldspar geographical globe granite Gulf HaŁy hemisphere Hippocrates horizon inhabitants iron Irtysh islands Khorasan known lake land leagues less longitude masses measure meridian metal Mingrelia mountains Myriametres nations nature northern Norway observations ocean parallel pass perpendicular Persian Physique plains plane polar pole porphyry present primitive principal projection province Ptolemy quantity quartz radius regions right line rivers rocks Russian schist Siberia side situated soil sometimes species Strabo strata substances surface Syria Tartars terrestrial tion toises town trace Travels tribes valleys vegetation volcanic Voyage winds Yemen zone
Page 359 - The sides of the mountains enlarge, and assume an aspect at once more grand and more barren. By little and little the scanty vegetation languishes and dies; even mosses disappear, and a red burning hue succeeds to the whiteness of the rocks.
Page 13 - ... a part of the disk of the sun; and that every time it is in opposition, it ought to pass through the shadow which the earth projects behind it; so that there would be, in the former case, an eclipse of the sun, and in the latter, an eclipse of the moon.
Page 74 - ... of the surface of the earth. All the gulfs* all the inland seas form only portions detached, but not entirely separated from that universal sea, which we call the ocean. It is only for the sake of greater convenience that we distinguish different parts of that ocean under the name of seas.
Page 349 - It has been remarked that, if the advantages of nature were duly seconded by the efforts of human skill, we might in the space of twenty leagues bring together in Syria the vegetable riches of the most distant countries. Besides wheat, rye, barley, beans, and the cotton-plant, which are cultivated everywhere, there are several objects of utility or pleasure, peculiar to different localities.
Page 323 - Anatolia, and extolled by the ancients under the title of ' the lovely, the crown of Ionia, the ornament of Asia,' braves the reiterated efforts of conflagrations and earthquakes. Ten times destroyed, she has ten times risen from her ruins with new splendour.
Page 448 - Amidst the stormy independence of this mode of life, he would regret the ease and security in which the state of India, and even the indolence and timidity of its inhabitants, enable most parts of that country to repose.
Page 447 - ... like an organized police. He would be surprised at the fluctuation and instability of the civil institutions. He would find it difficult to comprehend how a nation could subsist in such disorder...
Page 149 - There are some places in the sea where no bottom has yet been found. But we must not conclude that the sea is really bottomless ; an idea, which, if not absurd, is, at least, by no means conformable to the analogies of natural science. The mountains of continents seem to correspond with what are called the abysses of the sea ; but now, the highest mountains do not rise to 20,000 feet. It is true, that they have...
Page 293 - It is not enough to say, that the great plains with which Asia abounds give the conquerors an easier access. This only holds good in the central parts ; but how many inaccessible mountains, how many large rivers, and immense deserts, form the natural bulwarks and eternal barriers of other Asiatic nations...
Page 447 - ... other conveniences, which a traveller would meet with in. the wildest parts of Great Britain. Yet he would sometimes be delighted with the fertility and populousness of particular plains and valleys, where he would see the productions of Europe mingled in profusion with those of the torrid zone, and the land laboured with an industry and a judgment no where surpassed.