Development and Ethnocide: Colonial Practices in the Andaman Islands

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IWGIA, Jan 1, 2004 - Social Science - 264 pages
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This book is an ethnographic account of colonialism in the Andaman Islands, Bay of Bengal, India. It examines the links between colonialism and development under British and Indian administrations, and analyses how the different indigenous groups (the Andamanese, the Onge, the Jarawa and the Sentinelese) have responded differently and been affected in different ways by colonization and the everyday dynamics of colonial administrative practices. It emphasizes particularly the dynamics of power and gender. In concluding, it looks at the present situation of the Jarawa who, until recently, were known as a people that avoided contact with the surrounding society. The book concludes with a section on current advocacy initiatives being spearheaded by civil society organizations and scholars aimed at securing the Jarawa's right to territory and to choose for themselves which future they want. The book includes an appendix containing the 2003 'Draft Policy on the Jarawas' (by Shiri K. B. Saxena, member of the Expert Committee on the Jarawas) as well as an alternative Jarawa policy framework drafted by a group of independent experts and observers, of which the author is a member.
 

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Contents

Preface
10
The passage to the field site
18
Linguistic initiations at Dugong Creek
24
A Framework for Analysis
30
A Record of Fieldwork
36
The Andamanese at Strait Island and Port Blair
75
Conclusion
81
The Andamanese and the first British
89
The situation of the Jarawa
132
individual autonomy
146
A brief note on the Andamanese
169
Friendly contact
179
A postscript on the Onge
192
Court cases and committees
206
A Final Word by Samir Acharya
220
Appendices
236

The Jarawa
112
TheOnge
118
An alternative framework for Jarawa policy
258
Copyright

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About the author (2004)

Sita Venkateswar is Senior Lecturer on the Social Anthropology programme at Massey University, New Zealand.

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