Oregon: The Claim of the United States to Oregon, as Stated in the Letters of the Hon. J.C. Calhoun and the Hon. J. Buchanan to the Hon. R. Pakenham, with an Appendix Containing the Counter Statement of Mr. Pakenham to the American Secretaries of States. And a Map Showing the Boundary Line Proposed by Each Party
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20th of October 49th parallel acts admitted American Plenipotentiary American title assert Astoria branch Britain and Spain British Government British Plenipotentiary British subject Calhoun Captain Gray ceded coast of America Columbia river continued contracting parties counter-statement degree of latitude derived from Spain discovered entire region drained established exclusive dominion exploration extending Florida treaty Heceta joint occupancy Lewis and Clarke Lord Castlereagh Louisiana Meares ment Mississippi mouth nations navigation negotiation Nootka convention Nootka Sound convention north latitude north-west coast North-west Company Oregon question Oregon territory Pacific Ocean Pakenham parallel of latitude party in possession port portion pretensions principle priority of discovery proper right proposal proposition provisions Quadra respect restoration rights of Spain Rocky Mountains San Bias settlement sovereignty Spanish title Straits of Fuca territory in dispute third article tion trading treaty of 1819 treaty of Florida treaty of Ghent undersigned valley Vancouver Vancouver's Island voyages westward whole territory
Page 12 - Mountains, shall, together with its harbours, bays, and creeks, and the navigation of all rivers within the same, be free and open, for the term of ten years from the date of the signature of the present convention, to the vessels, citizens, and subjects of the two Powers: it being well understood, that this agreement is not to be construed to the prejudice of any claim, which either of the two high contracting parties may have to any part of the said country, nor shall it be taken to affect the...
Page i - It is agreed that any country that may be claimed by either party on the north-west coast of America, westward of the Stony Mountains, shall, together with its harbors, bays, and creeks, and the navigation of all rivers within the same, be free and open for the term of ten years from the date of the signature of the present convention, to the vessels, citizens, and subjects, of the two powers...
Page 23 - Parties, it is agreed that their respective subjects shall not be disturbed or molested, either in navigating or carrying on their fisheries in the Pacific Ocean, or in the South Seas, or in landing on the coasts of those seas, in places not already occupied, for the purpose of carrying on their commerce with the natives of the country, or of making settlements there ; the whole subject, nevertheless, to the restrictions and provisions specified in the three following Articles.
Page 24 - Spain, wherever the subjects of either of the two Powers shall have made settlements since the month of April 1789, or shall hereafter make any, the subjects of the other shall have free access, and shall carry on their trade, without any disturbance or molestation.
Page ii - It shall be competent, however, to either of the contracting parties, in case either should think fit, at any time after the 20th of October, 1828, on giving due notice of twelve months to the other contracting party, to annul and abrogate this convention; and it shall, in such case, be accordingly entirely annulled and abrogated, after the expiration of the said term of notice.
Page 12 - October, 1818, hereby continued in force, shall be construed to impair, or in any manner affect, the claims which either of the contracting parties may have to any part of the country westward of the Stony or Rocky Mountains.
Page 26 - It is agreed that, pending the negotiation of a new treaty of commerce. Great Britain shall be admitted to trade with Spain upon the same conditions as those which existed previously to the year 1796. All the treaties of commerce which at that period subsisted between the two nations, being hereby ratified and confirmed.* 2.
Page iv - States would offer what he saw fit to call ' ' some further proposal for the settlement of the Oregon question more consistent with fairness and equity and with the reasonable expectations of the British Government.