A Grammar of Lezgian

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Walter de Gruyter, Sep 27, 2011 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 587 pages

The series builds an extensive collection of high quality descriptions of languages around the world. Each volume offers a comprehensive grammatical description of a single language together with fully analyzed sample texts and, if appropriate, a word list and other relevant information which is available on the language in question. There are no restrictions as to language family or area, and although special attention is paid to hitherto undescribed languages, new and valuable treatments of better known languages are also included. No theoretical model is imposed on the authors; the only criterion is a high standard of scientific quality.

 

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This is the best and the only comprehensive work on the grammar of Lezgi (Lezgian) language available to date. A must have for any serious scholar or learner.

Contents

153 Standard valence patterns
271
154 Nonstandard valence patterns
280
155 Free omission of arguments
287
156 Labile verbs
289
16 Syntax of the clause
294
162 Word order at the clause level
298
163 Clausal adjuncts
303
17 Copular clauses
311

32 Vowels
31
33 Consonants
33
4 Phonotactics
36
42 Syllable structure
40
43 Restrictions on the cooccurrence of consonants
47
44 Vowel harmony
48
45 Labial ObstruentVowel Harmony
50
5 Phonological and morphophonemic alternations
52
52 Wordfinal Unaspirated Voicing
53
53 Postobstruent Aspirated Deaspiration
55
55 Vowel harmony alternations
56
56 High Vowel Loss
58
57 Labial ObstruentVowel Harmony alternations
59
59 Wordfinal Ejective Aspiration
60
510 Wordfinal Ejective Voicing
61
512 Loss of R
62
513 Affricate Assimilation
63
6 Word stress
64
62 Stress properties of suffixes
67
63 Stress in postsyncope Lezgian
70
Morphology
71
72 Functions of nominal inflectional categories
81
73 Nominal derivation
105
8 Adjective morphology
110
82 Adjectival derivation
120
9 Verbal inflection
122
93 Verbal inflectional categories
127
94 Illustrative partial paradigms
135
95 Irregular verbs
136
96 Functions of basic tenseaspect categories
140
97 Periphrastic tenseaspect categories
146
98 Functions of nonindicative finite verb forms
149
99 Functions of nonfinite verb forms
153
910 Archaic verb forms
158
10 Verbal derivation
163
102 The anticausative
165
103 Preverbs
167
104 The Repetitive
174
105 The lamišform
177
106 Verbal compounds
178
11 Pronouns
184
113 Correlations between demonstratives interrogatives and indefinites
187
114 Demonstratives
190
115 Interrogative pronouns
192
116 Indefinite pronouns
194
117 Other determiners
200
12 Adverbs and postpositions
205
122 Postpositions
213
13 Numerals and particles
230
132 Focus particles
237
133 Discourse particles
241
134 The negative particle waʔ
245
135 Other particles
246
136 Interjections
249
Syntax
251
142 Quantifiers
253
143 Apposition
256
144 Word order in the noun phrase
259
145 The adjective phrase
264
15 Verbal valence
268
172 Copular clauses with a predicative adjective phrase
312
173 Subjectless copular clauses
314
174 Become and remain
315
175 Transitive copular clauses
316
176 Local copular clauses
317
177 Predicative adverbial phrases with the standard copula
325
18 Coordination
327
182 Disjunction
331
183 Clause coordination
335
19 Relative clauses
340
192 Finite correlative relative clauses
345
193 Predicative relative clauses
347
194 Cleft sentences
352
20 Complement clauses
354
202 The Infinitive
355
203 The Masdar
359
204 The substantivized participle
365
205 The luhun strategy
367
206 The converb strategy
369
207 The x̂i strategy
370
208 Minor strategies
372
209 Complement clauses in noun phrases
373
21 Adverbial clauses
375
211 Adverbial clauses with the Aorist converb
376
212 Adverbial clauses with the Imperfective converb
378
213 Adverbial clauses with the Secondary Imperf converbs
381
214 Temporal clauses
382
215 Causal clauses
389
216 Purpose clauses
391
217 Conditional clauses
394
218 Concessive clauses
396
219 As clauses
400
22 Coreference
401
222 Controller and target of omission in adverbial clauses
404
223 Controller and target of omission in complement clauses
407
224 Reflexivization
408
225 Reciprocalization
415
23 Questions
417
232 Parametric questions
421
233 Indirect questions
425
234 Echo questions
428
236 Questionlike exclamations
431
24 Comparison
432
242 Comparison of equality
436
243 Excessive degree
441
Appendices
442
251 The Nightingale
443
252 Who is Stealing the Melons?
445
253 The Magpie and the Wolf
452
254 The Flower from Russia
457
255 Congress in Beliž
470
256 An early text in the Latin script
477
26 LezgianEnglish vocabulary
479
27 EnglishLezgian vocabulary
515
Crossreferences to additional examples
530
References
539
Index of affixes
557
Subject Index
560
Copyright

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