Human Impact on Ancient Environments

Front Cover
University of Arizona Press, 1999 - Social Science - 239 pages
Threats to biodiversity, food shortages, urban sprawl . . . lessons for environmental problems that confront us today may well be found in the past. The archaeological record contains hundreds of situations in which societies developed long-term sustainable relationships with their environments—and thousands in which the relationships were destructive. Charles Redman demonstrates that much can be learned from an improved understanding of peoples who, through seemingly rational decisions, degraded their environments and threatened their own survival. By discussing archaeological case studies from around the world—from the deforestation of the Mayan lowlands to soil erosion in ancient Greece to the almost total depletion of resources on Easter Island—Redman reveals the long-range coevolution of culture and environment and clearly shows the impact that ancient peoples had on their world. These case studies focus on four themes: habitat transformation and animal extinctions, agricultural practices, urban growth, and the forces that accompany complex society. They show that humankind's commitment to agriculture has had cultural consequences that have conditioned our perception of the environment and reveal that societies before European contact did not necessarily live the utopian existences that have been popularly supposed. Whereas most books on this topic tend to treat human societies as mere reactors to environmental stimuli, Redman's volume shows them to be active participants in complex and evolving ecological relationships. Human Impact on Ancient Environments demonstrates how archaeological research can provide unique insights into the nature of human stewardship of the Earth and can permanently alter the way we think about humans and the environment.
 

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User Review  - setnahkt - LibraryThing

Human Impact on Ancient Environments has a lot of interesting information, but doesn’t go much of anywhere with it. Author Charles Redman is a Professor of Sustainability at the University of Arizona ... Read full review

Contents

Lessons from a Prehistoric Eden
3
Attitudes toward the Environment
15
Concepts That Organize Our Thoughts
35
The Prehistoric
53
The Impact of Agrarian Systems
81
The Growth of World Urbanism
127
Forces That Grew with Society
159
The Past as Prologue
195
Works Cited
221
Index
235
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About the author (1999)

\Charles L. Redman is Professor and Director of the Center for Environmental Studies, Arizona State University.

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