Verb and Noun Number in English: A Functional Explanation
The author presents an account of the principles shaping the morphological form of the verb. This book aims to exemplify contemporary linguistic theory. The analysis proceeds from the view that the structure of language is determined by its function as an instrument of human communication. This position breaks with sentence-based theory to return to Saussurean conception of a language as an inventory of signs. It expands the programmatic Saussurean picture by emphasizing the pervasive influence of general human psychological characteristics on both linguistic structure and language use. In contrast to sentence-based theory, sign-based theory contains no formal component of syntactic rules. It must re-characterize linguistic structure in functional, not syntactic terms.
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SIGNBASED LINGUISTIC THEORY
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according actual agreement alternative analysis animals appear applies argue cent Chapter choice cognitive collective communicative component conceptual Confirmed construct context contrast count deer described determination distinction effect employed English entity in Focus Entity Number established evidence examination examples exists explanation expressive fact factors favour Figure Focus Number System formal functional grammatical ground hand hearer human identity illustrated implies important independent individual initial instances interpretation involves kind language lexical stem linguistic linguistic signs mass morphological namely nature Note notion noun Number meanings objects observational Occurrence opposition pairs particular person phrase plurality position possible precision Prediction present principles problem purely question reference referential reflect relation requires resonance response rule semantic sense sentence separate shows signals single singular speakers statistical strategy structure Table theory Type verb verb number Version