Identifying the English: A History of Personal Identification 1500 to the Present
Personal identification is very much a live political issue in Britain and this book looks at why this is the case, and why, paradoxically, the theft of identity has become ever more common as the means of identification have multiplied. Identifying the English looks not only at how criminals have been identified - branding, fingerprinting, DNA - but also at the identification of the individual with seals and signatures, of the citizen by means of passports and ID cards, and of the corpse. Beginning his history in the medieval period, Edward Higgs reveals how it was not the Industrial Revolution that brought the most radical changes in identification techniques, as many have assumed, but rather the changing nature of the State and commerce, and their relationship with citizens and customers. In the twentieth century the very different historical techniques have converged on the holding of information on databases, and increasingly on biometrics, and the multiplication of these external databases outside the control of individuals has continued to undermine personal identity security.
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Accessed aliens Alphonse Bertillon bank beneﬁts Bertillon biometrics body Britain British Parliamentary Papers Cambridge University Press Caplan and John cent citizens civil registration claimed Committee Coroners credit reference agencies crime Death deviant difﬁcult DNA database DNA proﬁling Documenting Individual Identity E. A. Wrigley Early Modern England early modern period Edward Higgs eighteenth England English ﬁngerprinting ﬁrst Forensic Science forms of identiﬁcation Francis Galton fraud govemment Groebner Heralds Hindle History Home Ofﬁce Ibid ID cards identify identity cards Industrial Revolution Jane Caplan John Stonehouse John Torpey eds juridical person late London medieval Michel Foucault migration mobility modem Modern World Oxford National Archives National Registration NDNAD nineteenth century ofﬁcer ofﬁcial Old Bailey parish passport Pensions Perkin Warbeck photographs political Poor Law population reﬂected Report scientiﬁc seals Sengoopta signature social Society Stonehouse Surveillance Surveillance Society Suspect Identities tattoos techniques Tichborne Claimant twentieth century United Kingdom