The Making of Buddhist Modernism
A great deal of Buddhist literature and scholarly writing about Buddhism of the past 150 years reflects, and indeed constructs, a historically unique modern Buddhism, even while purporting to represent ancient tradition, timeless teaching, or the "essentials" of Buddhism. This literature, Asian as well as Western, weaves together the strands of different traditions to create a novel hybrid that brings Buddhism into alignment with many of the ideologies and sensibilities of the post-Enlightenment West. In this book, David McMahan charts the development of this "Buddhist modernism." McMahan examines and analyzes a wide range of popular and scholarly writings produced by Buddhists around the globe. He focuses on ideological and imaginative encounters between Buddhism and modernity, for example in the realms of science, mythology, literature, art, psychology, and religious pluralism. He shows how certain themes cut across cultural and geographical contexts, and how this form of Buddhism has been created by multiple agents in a variety of times and places. His position is critical but empathetic: while he presents Buddhist modernism as a construction of numerous parties with varying interests, he does not reduce it to a mistake, a misrepresentation, or fabrication. Rather, he presents it as a complex historical process constituted by a variety of responses -- sometimes trivial, often profound -- to some of the most important concerns of the modern era.
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2 The Spectrum of Tradition and Modernism
3 Buddhism and the Discourses of Modernity
4 Modernity and the Discourse of Scientific Buddhism
Art Spontaneity and the Wellsprings of Nature
6 A Brief History of Interdependence
7 Meditation and Modernity
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American articulation artist Asia Asian Asian Buddhists asserted attempt awakening become Buddha Buddha-nature Buddhism and science Buddhist meditation Buddhist modernism Buddhist modernists Carus Christianity claims conceptions consciousness context creativity critique cultural D. T. Suzuki Dalai Lama demythologization dependent origination detraditionalization dharma Dharmapala dhism dhist discourse of scientific discourses of modernity doctrine elements emerging engaged Buddhism Enlightenment ethical European example experience forms of Buddhism global human hybrid ideas important individual insists interdependence interpretation of Buddhism karma koan literature living Mahayana means metaphysical mind modern world monastery monastic monks moral natural world Nhat nirvana Olcott one’s Pali philosophical popular practice psychological radical reality realm rebirth religion religious ritual Romantic Romanticism samsara scientific Buddhism scientific rationalism sense social spiritual spontaneity Sutta Suzuki teachers teachings texts themes Theosophy Theravada things thought Tibetan Buddhism tion transcend Transcendentalists transformation truth twentieth century unconscious unique vipassana West western worldview zazen