Tejanos and Texas Under the Mexican Flag, 1821-1836
Historians have amply recorded the battles and the Anglo-Americans' military, economic, and political domination of the Mexican lands after 1836. But few studies have documented the reverse flow in the interchange while Anglo and Mexican co-existed under the Mexican flag in the previous years. Andres Tijerina's book, focusing on Texas between 1821 and 1836, provides background facts for a better understanding of the exchange of land, power, culture, and social institutions that took place between the Anglo-American frontier and the Hispanic frontier during those critical years.
To be sure, the dramatic shift in land and resources greatly affected the Mexican, but it had its effect on the Anglo American as well. After the 1820s, many of the Anglo-American pioneers changed from buckskin-clad farmers to cattle ranchers who wore boots and "cowboy" hats. They learned to ride heavy Mexican saddles mounted on horses taken from the wild mustang herds of Texas. They drove great herds of longhorns north and westward, spreading the Mexican life-style and ranch economy as they went. With the cattle ranch went many words, practices, and legal principles that had been developed long before by the native Mexicans of Texas - the Tejanos.
In this book, Andres Tijerina documents the two-way cultural exchange in the years under the Mexican flag. It describes the basic institutions of Tejano life and culture, and it documents their transmission to the Anglo-American frontier. The work is a foundation for the study of the early Mexican-American culture in Texas and its influence on Texans of all ethnic backgrounds.
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acequia Actas del congreso alcalde alcalde provincial Alessio Robles Americans Anglo Anglo colonists Anglo-American Article Austin Papers authority ayunta Bahía Barker Baron de Bastrop Bastrop Bexar Béxar Ayuntamiento Bexar-Goliad cavalry Census citizens Coahuila and Texas Coahuila y Texas Coahuiltejanos colonies commander compania volante congress constitution County Decree defense despoblado elected empresario Erasmo Seguin flying squadron frontera frontier Garza Goliad governor Hermandad Hispanic historian Indian Jose Antonio José Antonio Saucedo Juan juez de campo junta Laredo Laws of Coahuila legislative legislature liberal livestock Manchola ment Mesta Mexican Mexico City miento military militia Monclova municipality Nacogdoches Nueces Nuevo Leon official Parras political chief population presidio provincial deputation Ramon Musquiz Ramos Arizpe ranches Recopilacion regidores region regulations Republic Republic of Texas responsible Saltillo San Antonio San Felipe San Fernando settlement settlers Spanish Spanish Texas Stephen F Tamaulipas Tejano community Tejanos Texas Rangers tion Tlascalan town United vecindario