Epidemic Invasions: Yellow Fever and the Limits of Cuban Independence, 1878-1930

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University of Chicago Press, Nov 15, 2009 - Medical - 200 pages
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In the early fall of 1897, yellow fever shuttered businesses, paralyzed trade, and caused tens of thousand of people living in the southern United States to abandon their homes and flee for their lives. Originating in Cuba, the deadly plague inspired disease-control measures that not only protected U.S. trade interests but also justified the political and economic domination of the island nation from which the pestilence came. By focusing on yellow fever, Epidemic Invasions uncovers for the first time how the devastating power of this virus profoundly shaped the relationship between the two countries.

Yellow fever in Cuba, Mariola Espinosa demonstrates, motivated the United States to declare war against Spain in 1898, and, after the war was won and the disease eradicated, the United States demanded that Cuba pledge in its new constitution to maintain the sanitation standards established during the occupation. By situating the history of the fight against yellow fever within its political, military, and economic context, Espinosa reveals that the U.S. program of sanitation and disease control in Cuba was not a charitable endeavor. Instead, she shows that it was an exercise in colonial public health that served to eliminate threats to the continued expansion of U.S. influence in the world.

 

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Contents

1 Disease and Empire
1
2 The PreOccupation with Cuba
11
Initial Sanitation Reforms in Cuba
31
4 The Hunt for the Mosquito
55
5 The Mosquito Threatens Independence
73
6 The Limits of Domination
97
7 Conclusions
117
Notes
125
Bibliography
165
Index
185
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About the author (2009)

Mariola Espinosa is assistant professor of history and director of Latino and Latin American Studies at Southern Illinois University.

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