Biodiversity and Environmental Change: Monitoring, Challenges and Direction
Emma Burns, Andrew Lowe, David Lindenmayer, Nicole Thurgate
Csiro Publishing, Feb 6, 2014 - Nature - 624 pages
This data-rich book demonstrates the value of existing national long-term ecological research in Australia for monitoring environmental change and biodiversity. Long-term ecological data are critical for informing trends in biodiversity and environmental change. The Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network (TERN) is a major initiative of the Australian Government and one of its key areas of investment is to provide funding for a network of long-term ecological research plots around Australia (LTERN). LTERN researchers and other authors in this book have maintained monitoring sites, often for one or more decades, in an array of different ecosystems across the Australian continent – ranging from tropical rainforests, wet eucalypt forests and alpine regions through to rangelands and deserts. This book highlights some of the temporal changes in the environment that have occurred in the various systems in which dedicated field-based ecologists have worked. Many important trends and changes are documented and they often provide new insights that were previously poorly understood or unknown. These data are precisely the kinds of data so desperately needed to better quantify the temporal trajectories in the environment in Australia. By presenting trend patterns (and often also the associated data) the authors aim to catalyse governments and other organisations to better recognise the importance of long-term data collection and monitoring as a fundamental part of ecologically-effective and cost-effective management of the environment and biodiversity.
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abundance acacia shrublands alpine ecosystems areas arid assessment Austral Ecology Australian Alps Australian Journal biodiversity Biological biomass birds Bogong High Plains Canberra Chapter chenopod climate change communities conservation core studies CSIRO Publishing David Lindenmayer decline desert complex environments Dickman diversity dynamics Ecosystem Research Network effects environmental established fauna feral figure fire management fire regimes Flinders Ranges flora global grasslands grazing habitat heathland impacts increased Kakadu land landscape Lindenmayer DB livestock long-term ecological research long-term monitoring long-term studies LTERN major vegetation groups Melbourne ment Mitchell Grass monitoring plots National Park native Northern Territory numbers Ongoing pastoral plant species Plot Network populations Queensland rainfall rangelands region Russell-Smith sampling Science seedling shrub shrublands Simpson Desert small mammal soil South Wales spatial tall eucalypt forests temperate eucalypt woodlands Terrestrial Ecosystem Research tion transects trees trends tropical savannas tussock grasses tussock grasslands vertebrate Victoria Western Australia Wet Tropics Woinarski