Mathematicians Under the Nazis

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Princeton University Press, 2003 - Mathematics - 530 pages
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Contrary to popular belief--and despite the expulsion, emigration, or death of many German mathematicians--substantial mathematics was produced in Germany during 1933-1945. In this landmark social history of the mathematics community in Nazi Germany, Sanford Segal examines how the Nazi years affected the personal and academic lives of those German mathematicians who continued to work in Germany.

The effects of the Nazi regime on the lives of mathematicians ranged from limitations on foreign contact to power struggles that rattled entire institutions, from changed work patterns to military draft, deportation, and death. Based on extensive archival research, Mathematicians under the Nazis shows how these mathematicians, variously motivated, reacted to the period's intense political pressures. It details the consequences of their actions on their colleagues and on the practice and organs of German mathematics, including its curricula, institutions, and journals. Throughout, Segal's focus is on the biographies of individuals, including mathematicians who resisted the injection of ideology into their profession, some who worked in concentration camps, and others (such as Ludwig Bieberbach) who used the "Aryanization" of their profession to further their own agendas. Some of the figures are no longer well known; others still tower over the field. All lived lives complicated by Nazi power.

Presenting a wealth of previously unavailable information, this book is a large contribution to the history of mathematics--as well as a unique view of what it was like to live and work in Nazi Germany.

 

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Contents

IV
1
V
14
VI
42
VII
85
VIII
86
IX
106
X
124
XI
168
XXXVI
345
XXXVII
349
XXXVIII
356
XXXIX
360
XL
368
XLI
387
XLII
410
XLIII
414

XII
170
XIII
174
XIV
181
XV
188
XVI
198
XVII
213
XVIII
220
XIX
226
XX
229
XXI
231
XXII
234
XXIII
244
XXIV
253
XXV
255
XXVI
260
XXVII
263
XXVIII
288
XXIX
293
XXX
301
XXXI
306
XXXII
321
XXXIII
334
XXXIV
339
XXXV
341
XLIV
416
XLV
419
XLVI
423
XLVII
437
XLVIII
439
XLIX
442
L
451
LI
452
LII
454
LIII
455
LIV
461
LV
462
LVI
465
LVII
467
LVIII
469
LIX
471
LX
477
LXI
480
LXII
488
LXIII
493
LXIV
509
LXV
523
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About the author (2003)

Sanford L. Segal is Professor of Mathematics at the University of Rochester and the author of "Nine Introductions in Complex Analysis.

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