Bureaucracy, Economy, and Leadership in China: The Institutional Origins of the Great Leap Forward
In this book David Bachman examines the origins of the Great Leap Forward (GLF), a program of economic reform that must be considered one of the great tragedies of Communist China, estimated to have caused the death of between 14 and 28 million Chinese. While standard accounts interpret the GLF as chiefly the brainchild of Mao Zedong and as a radical rejection of a set of more moderate reform proposals put forward in the period 1956 to 1957, Bachman proposes a provocative reinterpretation of the origins of the GLF that stresses the role of the bureaucracy. Using a neo-institutionalist approach to analyze economic policy-making leading up to the GLF, he argues that the GLF must be seen as the product of an institutional process of policy-making.
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agriculture allocation Anti-Rightist Campaign areas argued Beijing Bo Yibo budget bureaucracy cadres Caizheng campaign capital construction Central Committee central leaders Chen Yun Chen’s China Chinese leaders Chinese politics commerce Communist Party contradictions criticism decentralization Deng Xiaoping Deng Zihui discussed economic policy Eighth Party Congress enterprises favored ﬁgures ﬁnance ﬁnancial coalition ﬁrst Fuchun fulﬁll heavy industry coalition Hundred Flowers Hundred Flowers Campaign incentives increase inﬂuence intellectuals interests investment issues jingji leadership Leap Forward Li Fuchun Li Xiannian light industry Liu Shaoqi MacFarquhar Machine Building major Mao Zedong Mao’s materials ment mobilization National nomic ofﬁcials organizations Party’s peasants People’s percent planners planning and heavy planning coalition Politburo political system problems production provincial rectiﬁcation reﬂect reform Renmin Ribao role rural sector SFYP signiﬁcant social socialist Soviet model Soviet Union speciﬁc state’s targets Third Plenum tion transformation views Wang XHBYK Xiannian Yun’s Zhou Enlai Zihui