Revolutionaries and Reformers: Contemporary Islamist Movements in the Middle East

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Barry Rubin
SUNY Press, 2012 - History - 243 pages
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Islamist movements seeking power today are faced with difficult choices regarding strategy, ranging from armed struggle to electoral efforts. An emerging alternative consists of a rethinking of Islamist politics, where the goal of a “totally Islamic” polity would be abandoned in favor of some form of Islamic-oriented society. In this reformulation, Islamist politics would function as a pressure group to make society more Islamic, reinforcing the walls of semi-separate internal communities and reinterpreting Islam in more liberal ways. The September 11, 2001 terror attack on the United States, however, demonstrates that the radical approach remains attractive to many Islamists. Addressing these issues, the contributors look at the countries where Islamist movements have been most important. Case studies of revolutionary and reformist groups are followed by chapters discussing future alternatives for Islamist politics, presenting arguments both advocating and critical of a potential liberal, reformist, interest-group Islamism.
 

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Contents

1 Why Radical Muslims Arent Taking Over Governments by Emmanuel Sivan
1
2 Radical Islam in Egypt A Comparison of Two Groups by David Zeidan
11
3 The Development of Palestinian Islamic Groups by Reuven Paz
23
4 Radical Islamist Movements in Turkey by Ely Karmon
41
5 Islamism and the State in North Africa by Bruce MaddyWeitzman and Meir Litvak
69
Between Armed Struggle and Domestic Politics by Eyal Zisser
91
The Islamic Movement in Kuwait by Shafeeq N Ghabra
105
8 The Rise of the Islamist Movement in Turkey by Nilufer Narli
125
10 Islam and Democracy by Ali R Abootalebi
155
An Alternative Approach by George E Irani
173
Prospects and Challenges by Charles Kurzman
191
13 Inside the Islamic Reformation by Dale F Eickelman
203
A Survey and Balance Sheet by Barry Rubin
207
List of Contributors
219
Index
221
Copyright

9 Fethullah Gulen and His Liberal Turkish Islam Movement by Bulent Aras and Omer Caha
141

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About the author (2012)

Barry Rubin is Director of the Global Research in International Affairs Center and editor of the Middle East Review of International Affairs Journal. He is the author of many books, including most recently, The Transformation of Palestinian Politics: From Revolution to State-Building, and the editor of many more, including (with Ian S. Lustick) Critical Essays on Israeli Society, Politics, and Culture: Books on Israel, Volume II, also published by SUNY Press.

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