Many Rāmāyaṇas: The Diversity of a Narrative Tradition in South Asia
University of California Press, 1991 - Literary Criticism - 273 pages
Throughout Indian history, many authors and performers have produced, and many patrons have supported, diverse tellings of the story of the exiled prince Rama, who rescues his abducted wife by battling the demon king who has imprisoned her. The contributors to this volume focus on these "many" Ramayanas.
While most scholars continue to rely on Valmiki's Sanskrit Ramayana as the authoritative version of the tale, the contributors to this volume do not. Their essays demonstrate the multivocal nature of the Ramayana by highlighting its variations according to historical period, political context, regional literary tradition, religious affiliation, intended audience, and genre. Socially marginal groups in Indian society--Telugu women, for example, or Untouchables from Madhya Pradesh--have recast the Rama story to reflect their own views of the world, while in other hands the epic has become the basis for teachings about spiritual liberation or the demand for political separatism. Historians of religion, scholars of South Asia, folklorists, cultural anthropologists--all will find here refreshing perspectives on this tale.
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The Diversity of the Ramayana Tradition
A Comparative Study
The Mutilation of Surpanakha
The Testing of Sita in Kampans Iramavataram I
Womens Oral Tradition in Telugu
E V Ramasamis Reading of the Ramayana I
Ramayana Exegesis in Tenkalai Srivaisnavism
The Secret Life of Ramcandra of Ayodhya
Their Use of the Ramcaritmanas I
LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS
A. K. Ramanujan Ahalya Asian audience Ayodhya Bengali bhajan bhakti Bharata Brahma Brahmin brother Buddha Buddhist caste chanting characters context culture Dasaratha David Shulman demon devotion divine Dravidian Dutt Dutt's epic essay example forest goddess gods Hanuman Hindi Hindu husband Indra interpretation Jaina Jataka Kaikeyi Kampan Kerala killed king Krsna Laksmana Lanka literary literature Lord Madras Manas Manavalamamuni means Meghanada Meghanddavadha Kdvya monkeys narrative non-Brahmins North Indian oral parable performance Periyar Pillai poem poet political puppet play Rama story Rama's Ramakien Ramayana Ramayana incidents Ramayana songs Ramayana tradition Ramcaritmanas Ramnamis rasik Ravana rdksasas recited religious ritual role sage salvation Sanskrit scholars sect Sita Sita's Siva Slta smrti South India Srivaisnava sruti story of Rama Studies Surpanakha takkar Tamil tellings Telugu Tenkalai Thai tion translation Tulsidas University Press Valin Valmiki Vedas verses versions Vibhisana vidvans Visnu wife woman women words