Affective Intelligence and Political Judgment
University of Chicago Press, 2000 - Philosophy - 199 pages
Although the rational choice approach toward political behavior has been severely criticized, its adherents claim that competing models have failed to offer a more scientific model of political decisionmaking. This measured but provocative book offers precisely that: an alternative way of understanding political behavior based on cognitive research.
The authors draw on research in neuroscience, physiology, and experimental psychology to conceptualize habit and reason as two mental states that interact in a delicate, highly functional balance controlled by emotion. Applying this approach to more than fifteen years of election results, they shed light on a wide range of political behavior, including party identification, symbolic politics, and negative campaigning.
Remarkably accessible, Affective Intelligence and Political Judgment urges social scientists to move beyond the idealistic notion of the purely rational citizen to form a more complete, realistic model that includes the emotional side of human judgment.
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Abelson Affective 1ntelligence affirmative action American analysis anxiety and enthusiasm anxious assess associated aversion bipolar brain Buchanan Cacioppo candidate citizen traits Clinton coefficients cognitive column conscious awareness correlation David Watson decks declarative memory democratic disposition system dual model dynamics economic emotion terms emotional processes emotional reactions emotional response emotional systems emotionally engage enthusiasm and anxiety evaluation expect experience factor feelings impact important incumbent interaction issues Kinder learned level of anxiety limbic region lournal of Personality measures mood terms NAFTA National Election Studies Negative Affect normative partisan partisanship pathway Personality and Social Peter Salovey policy preferences political judgment political science President procedural memory rational choice regression reliance on habit rely Republican routine sense sensory Social Psychology standing decisions stimuli structural equation model structure of emotion surveillance system Tellegen theory of Affective threat tion tional tive understanding valence variables voters Watson Willie Horton