The Bhilsa Topes: Or, Buddhist Monuments of Central India: Comprising a Brief Historical Sketch of the Rise, Progress, and Decline of Buddhism; with an Account of the Opening and Examination of the Various Groups of Topes Around Bhilsa

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Smith, Elder, 1854 - Art, Buddhist - 368 pages
 

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Contents

Ditto
12
Funeral Topes
13
Intimately connected with Buddhist religion
14
1 Early Indian worshipElements
15
Conflicting opinions at Sakyas advent Hi 3 Doctrine of transmigration
16
The Swastikas
17
Their doctrine of eternal annihilation
19
Swastikas Brahmans and Buddhists compared
20
The four predictive signs
21
Probability of the story of his conversion
22
His asceticism
23
Ditto
24
His teaching
25
Sakyas death
26
Burning of his corpse
28
They are collected by Ajatasatra
30
CHAPTER III
31
Early worship of Greece and India
32
The Pythagoreans
33
Sukyas faith Buddha Dharma Sangha
34
The Samadhikas Contemplatists and the Pradhanikas Ma terialists
35
Buddhists deny the Creators providence
36
Doctrine of Nirvritti and Pravritti or rest and action
37
The five Dhyani Buddhas or personifications of the elements
38
The Simkhy a doctrine of the eternity of matter
39
Doctrine of the Sankhya teacher Patanjali
40
The Brahmanical Seswaras and the Aiswarika Buddhists
41
Called Tripitaka and Triyanika
42
Their compilation in D c 543
44
Ditto
45
Ditto
46
Ditto
47
Identification of Kiichhayana and Katyiiyana
49
Ditto
50
Sukya a social reformer
51
Ditto
52
Buddhism and Mahomedanism
53
CHAPTER IV
55
First Synod of five hundred monks
56
First Synod of five hundred monks
57
Rehearsal of Vinaya
58
Buddhas Hymn of Joy
59
Admission of women
60
Dress of the ascetics
61
Ditto
62
Sarmanes or Sramanas
63
latriki or Pratyekas
64
Types of the Buddhist classes
66
Difference between Buddhist and Christian ideas of immortality
67
Rules for the Bhikshu
68
in dress and equipments
69
CHAPTER V
71
Ditto
72
Date of Sitkyas death543 n c
73
Chandra Guptas accession
75
CHAPTER VI
77
Assembly of Second Synod
78
Discussion on the indulgences
79
Similarity of proceedings to those of English trial by jury
80
CHAPTER VII
81
Various sects
82
The Vaibhashikas
83
The Sautrantikas
84
Extent of Buddhism in 443 n c
85
CHAPTER VIII
87
He expels the Greeks from the Panjab
88
He conquers India
90
Indian expedition of Seleukos Nikator
91
Accession of Bindusara
92
Asoka deputed to Taxila
93
Appointed Governor of Ujain
95
Death of Bindusara
96
CHAPTER IX
97
His conversion to Buddhism
98
He erects numerous Vihdrs and Chaityas
99
Promulgates numerous edicts
100
True meaning of Dharma
102
Ditto
103
Ditto
104
Ditto
105
Antiquity of the Pali Scriptures vindicated
106
Ditto Ditto
107
Name of Asoka not mentioned in his own inscriptions
108
Identity of Priyadarsi and A soka
109
Chronological difficulties removed
110
Donbtful name in edicts perhaps Arioharzanes
111
No mention of the kings of Kabul and Parthia in his edicts
112
Dates of the Eock edicts
113
Sincerity of Asokas faith
114
CHAPTER X
115
Expulsion of the heretics
116
Relics of the missionaries found in the Bhilsa Topes
119
Relics of Ksapa
120
Relics of Gotiputra
121
Gotiputm the missionary to Darddbhisara
122
Other relics
123
CHAPTER XI
125
1 Division of Asokas empireFall of the Mauryas 12 3
127
Rise of the Yuchi or Tochari under Kadphises
128
TOPES AT BHOJPUH PiOI
129
Milindu Raja of Sakala
130
Buddhism extended into Tibet
131
By Klcmens of Alexandria
132
By Porphyrius
133
By Palladius and Scholastikos
135
Silver currency of Gujrat copied from the drachmas of Apollodotus
149
Inscription of Chandra Gupta at Udayagiri
150
Sauakdnika name of the kingdom of Bhilsa
151
Vaishnava faith of the princes of Sanakanika
152
Illustrations of the meaning of Prajna
153
Prajna is nature deified
154
Buddhism prevalent in Pataliputra
156
Tantrika belief of Skanda Gupta
158
Their charms and incantations
160
Lokditya
161
Budha Gupta
162
Toramanainscriptions at Eran and Gwalior
163
Conquests of Siladitya
164
Decline of Buddhism
166
Causes of the decline and fall of Buddhism
167
CHAPTER XIII
169
Topes usually built by forced labour
170
Ceremonies attending it
171
Form of the chaitya
172
Procession of the reliccasket
173
Ceremonies on placing it in the relicchamber
174
Other additions by subsequent kings
175
The same description applies to the Great Siinchi Tope
176
1819 Various shapes of Topes
177
Their age ascertained approximately from shape
178
CHAPTER XIV
179
Group of Topes at Sanchi
180
Name of Sanchi
181
Story of the holy nettle at Shachi
182
Situation of the Great Tope No 1
183
Shape of the dome
184
Upper enclosure
185
Completion of the Tope
186
Pillars of colonnade
187
Four gateways
189
Symbols of Buddha and Dharma
190
Variety of basreliefs
191
Figures of the four Buddhas
192
Lion pillar with inscription
193
Capital of pillar
194
CHAPTER XV
201
Worship of Buddha as flame
207
SOUTH GATEWAY
213
Left PillarInner Face
233
Manner of opening the TopeBrick Tope
269
TOPE SANCHI PAGE 1 Position of Tope
275
Pinnacle
276
Ornaments of pillars
277
Basreliefs of Tope and wheel pillar
278
to 43 On colonnade
280
CHAPTER XX
285
Relicbox with inscription
286
Inscriptions on the steatite boxes
287
Remarks on the enshrined relics
289
Relics of ten Buddhist teachers in 240 u c
291
Intimate connection between the principal Buddhist leaders
292
Value of genealogies derivable from other Topes
293
PAGE
295
His death and cremation
305
6 Surrounded by a Buddhist railing
312
Probable date 250200 u c
313
CHAPTER XXIII
315
Opening of Tope
316
Steatite reliccasket of Majhima
317
Ditto Kosikiputra
318
Other Topes at Sonari
319
CHAPTER XXIV
320
Tope No 1 of brick
321
Opening of Tope
322
No 2 Tope
323
Steatite Reliccaskets of Sariputra and Mogalana
324
Other Topes at Satdhdra
325
Ruins of Bhojpur 827
327
Situation of Topes
329
No 2 Tope B
330
Opening of ditto
331
No 3 Tope C
332
No 4 Tope D
333
No 7 Tope a second stage
334
Relicjar of Patito the degraded
335
Relicjar of Upahitaka 836
336
No 8 Tope b
337
No 10 d
338
No 11 e
339
Third stage of Topes
340
Fourth stage of Topes
341
CHAPTER XXVI
342
Position of the Topes
343
Opening of No 1
344
No 2 Tope
345
Flat earthenware relicbox
346
Tall steatite reliccasket
347
No 3 Tope
348
CHAPTER XXVII
351
The wheel a symbol of universal dominion
352
Crowns the summits of the Sanchi gateways
353
Quadruple symbol of Buddha
355
Symbol of Sangha
358
Triple symbol of Dharma
359
Probable Buddhist origin of Vithoba
360
Fair at Besnagar
361
Origin of the fair
362
Besnagar probably included iu Vidarbha
363
Foundation of Bhilsa
364
APPENDIX
369

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