Archaeology and the Galilean Jesus: A Re-examination of the Evidence
This book reconstructs first-century Galilee from archaeological surveys, excavations, and artifacts, and provides descriptions of the material remains relevant to historical Jesus research and New Testament studies. Drawing on his years of field experience in Galilee, Reed illustrates how the archaeological record has been misused by New Testament scholars, and how synthesis of the material culture is foundational for understanding Christian origins in Galilee and the Jewish culture out of which they arose. Part One shows how settlement patterns and artifacts from Galilee point to close ties between Judean and Galilean Jews at the time of Jesus, and how Herod Antipas' urbanization projects at Sepphoris and Tiberias commercialized and aggravated peasant life in agrarian Galilean society. Part Two focuses on the archaeology of two Galilean sites and their import for historical Jesus research: Sepphoris, Antipas' capital and the largest city in Galilee just north of Nazareth, and Capernaum, Jesus' base of operations on the periphery of Antipas' power. Part Three concludes with studies illustrating the necessity of considering the specifically Galilean local conditions when interpreting New Testament texts. Jonathan L. Reed is Professor of New Testament and Christian Origins at the University of La Verne, California. He is the Field Director at the Sepphoris Acropolis Excavations and is co-author of Excavating Jesus: Beneath the Stones, Behind the Texts.
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agricultural Ancient Antipas archaeological evidence archaeological record architecture Assyrian BASOR Beth Bethsaida biblical Caesarea Caesarea Maritima Capernaum century C.E. Chorazin Christian Origins cities community's context Decapolis early Christian Early Roman Period economic elites Eric Meyers ethnicity excavations Freyne Galilean Galilean villages Galilee's Gath-Hepher gentile Golan Greco-Roman Greek Hasmonean Hebrew hectares Hellenism Hellenistic and Roman Herod Antipas Herod Antipas's Herodian historical Jesus historical Jesus research houses Huleh Valley inhabitants inscriptions Israel Itureans Jerusalem Jewish Jews John John Kloppenborg Josephus Judaism Judea Kloppenborg Late Antiquity Late Hellenistic Period literary Lower Galilee Luke Mark material culture Meiron miqwaoth mosaic Nazareth NEAEHL Palestinian peasants polis political population pottery prophets Q community rabbinic region religious Roman Palestine rural Sayings Gospel Scythopolis Sea of Galilee Sepphoris and Tiberias Sepphoris's settlement Sign of Jonah social map socio-economic stone vessels Studies synagogue Testament texts theater theological tombs Trinity Press International Tyre University Press Upper Galilee Valley