The Heroic Ideal: Western Archetypes from the Greeks to the Present
The word "hero" seems in its present usage, an all-purpose moniker applied to everyone from Medal of Honor recipients to celebrities to comic book characters. This book explores the Western idea of the hero, from its initial use in ancient Greece, where it identified demigods or aristocratic, mortal warriors, through today. Sections examine the concept of the hero as presented in the ancient, medieval, and modern worlds. Special attention is paid to particular heroic types, such as warriors, martyrs, athletes, knights, saints, scientists, rebels, secret servicemen, and even anti-heroes. This book also reconstructs how definitions of heroism have been inextricably linked to shifts in Western thinking about religion, social relations, political authority, and ethical conduct.
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20th centuries achievements ancient anti-heroic Antiochus aristocratic artists athletic bogatyri Bolshevik canonization Carlyle Catherine of Siena celebrated century champions Charny chivalry Christ Christian Church clerical Common Era communities contests crown games culture death deeds defend Descartes divine early Europe explorers extraordinary faith Galileo German glory Greco-Roman Greek Harvey Pekar hero cult hero’s heroic figures heroic ideal heroic pantheon heroic vitalism heroism Hitler holy Homer honor human Humboldt Ibid idea Iliad individuals Jesus king knighthood knightly knights Lenin literature lives Maccabean Maccabees martyrdom martyrs medieval military modern natural philosophers nature Nazi Nietzsche Nietzsche’s Odysseus ofthe one’s Oxford pagan party period philosophers Pindar Pionius Plato political prowess regarded religious Revolution revolutionary Roman romanticism Rome Russian sainthood saintly saints scientific scientists social society Socrates Soviet Stalin status struggle tion University Press vitalist völkish warriors Western worship worthy York