Trans-Himalayan Caravans: Merchant Princes and Peasant Traders in Ladakh
This book documents the extraordinarily complex pattern of trade upon which the pre-Independence economy of Ladakh largely depended. Although the trans-Himalayan traffic in subsistence commodities in other parts of the Himalaya has been researched, that in Ladakh has until now remained almost entirely undocumented. The book is based mainly on oral evidence; this is related to documentary sources ranging from the seventeenth to the twentieth century. This intriguing account of Ladakhi trade is spiced with enough personal details of the traders at all levels, to demonstrate that trade' is something more than a matter of routes and commodities, prices and rates of profit; it is an activity carried out by real human beings, profoundly colouring their entire way of life.
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Abdul Aitchison 1874 animals Appendix apricots Arghon Baltistan barley barter bhatti British brought butter caravans carried central Asia Chang-pa Chang-thang charas Chinese commercial commodities crossing Delhi donkeys Dras export family's foodgrains Gartok Gertse Ghulam glaciers grain Haji Hedin herdspeople Himalaya horses Hoshiarpur important India Indus Jammu and Kashmir journey Karakoram Pass Kargil Kashgar Khamba Khotan kilograms kiraiyakash Kulu Ladakh Lahul Lama Leh merchants Lhasa Lo-pchak loads Manali maunds Mohammad Moorcroft Moorcroft MSS mountains Nubra Padar pashm Phuntsog profit Punjab Radhu Rawang rice Rigzin Namgyal Kalon river Rizvi road route Rudok rupee Rupshu Sakti salt seers September serai Shamma Shanko Shayok sheep silk Sinkiang Skardu Sonam Srinagar Stobdan subsistence supplies Suru valley Tashi Tibet Tibetan Tingmosgang Tokhta Tonyot Shah took toosh trans-Karakoram trade transport travelled Treaty Tsering Turkestan twentieth century villages western Tibet winter wool Yarkand Younghusband Zanskar Zoji-la