Metaphorical Metaphysics in Chinese Philosophy: Illustrated with Feng Youlan's New Metaphysics
Metaphorical Metaphysics in Chinese Philosophy: Illustrated with Feng Youlan's New Metaphysics explores Chinese philosophy through a comprehensive study and critical analysis of Feng Youlan's new metaphysics, proposing a systematic analysis of meaning. This philosophical linguistic approach continues the tradition of A.C. Graham and Chad Hanson and characterizes metaphysics in Chinese philosophy as a metaphorical metaphysics clearly distinguished from that studied in Western philosophy. Derong Chenexamines the historical influences of ancient Chinese philosophy, Neo-Confucianist philosophy, and Western philosophy on Feng Youlan's work while illustrating the impact of Feng's philosophy on Chinese scholars, including Feng's contemporaries Zhang Shenfu, Zhu Guangian, He Lin, Jin Yuelin, and Feng's student Chen Lai. This detailed analysis of Feng Youlan's new metaphysics demonstrates that Feng's system is not the completely Westernized philosophical system many scholars identify it as, nor is it the pure logical and analytical system Feng himself intended to construct. Rather, the essence and characteristics of the new metaphysics at the core of Feng's philosophical system expose his philosophy as a continuation of the Chinese philosophical tradition in a new era. This approach is most applicable to scholars of comparative philosophy and of any era of Chinese philosophy.
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abstract concept abstract metaphysical abstract terms According to Feng actual things airplane Analects analytic proposition analyze behavior Cheng brothers Chinese language Chinese philosophy clarify common attribute Complete concept qi concrete things Confucian Confucius correspond Daoti daquan degrees of abstractness discourse Doctrine ofLi empirical term ethical relationships existence express Feng thinks Feng Youlan Feng’s new metaphysics Feng’s theory five virtues Guo Moruo heaven Heaven-Earth Realm Hegel’s Hexagram History of Chinese horse human nature Laozi meanings Mengzi metaphysical concept metaphysical ideas metaphysics in Chinese myriad things nouns object ofthe particular things people’s philosophical concepts physical Plato possesses propositions pure abstract pure logical concept realm of actuality realm of truth regarded round says sentence shiji society Song-Ming square term qi theory of zhenji trans translation Ultimate of Nonbeing universe Western philosophy Wing-Tsit Chan Xi’s yin and yang zhenji Zhou Dunyi Zhu Xi Zhuangzi