Indians, Franciscans, and Spanish Colonization: The Impact of the Mission System on California Indians

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UNM Press, 1996 - History - 214 pages
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This ethnohistory, now in paperback, examines Indian life in the twenty-one missions Franciscans established in Alta California. In describing how the missions functioned between 1769 and 1848, the authors draw on previously unused sources to analyze change and continuity in Indian material culture and religious practices.

The twin goals of Franciscans were to mold Indians into a work force that would produce surplus grain for military garrisons and to regulate their moral conduct and religious practices. The authors use production records to show the missions were quite effective in serving the economic goals. Also carefully assessed are the efforts to transform the culture and world view of Indians by delineating how they coped, their history of disease and death, and their efforts at resistance.

 

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Contents

Figures
3
Francisco mission 18071823
17
Price and production of selected agricultural goods at Soledad mission 18101818
18
Relationship between price and production at selected Alta California missions
19
Relationship between number of cattle and horses at selected missions 18101832
24
Aspects of Social and Cultural Change in the Mission
31
Mean crude death rates in the Alta California missions
40
San Francisco de Borja in Baja California
59
Value of mission estates at secularization and in 1845
99
Cattle belonging to selected missions 18301839
101
Horses belonging to selected missions 18301839
102
Credits and debts of selected Alta California missions at secularization
104
Unpaid debts owed to selected California missions
105
Conclusions
107
The Development of Building Complexes
137
Notes
169

Headdresses of mission San Franciscos neophytes
66
Neophytes receiving instruction from an Indian convert
72
Resistance and Social Control in the Alta California
73
Mission Secularization and the Development of Alta
87
Bibliography
193
About the Book and Authors
214
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About the author (1996)

Robert H. Jackson, an independent historian, resides in Spring, Texas. He is widely published in the history of colonial Latin America and the borderlands.

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