Environment, health, and population displacement: development and change in Mozambique's diarrhoreal disease ecology
This book contributes to our understanding of emergent and resurgent infectious diseases and health ecology in developing areas through detailed spatial and temporal analysis of recent cholera and bacillary dysentery epidemics in Mozambique. The book examines the influence of environmental, demographic and socio-economic changes on the nature and context of cholera and bacillary dysentery. It provides a detailed background to the two diseases based on their ecology and contemporary status in human communities together with analysis of extensive primary field data centered on three key urban areas in central Mozambique. Influences are weighed up against factors relating to the individual ecologies of the different pathogens, primary subsistence, and the impacts of Mozambique's history of conflict and development policies on human vulnerability. The extensive case study material is used to provide clear indications of appropriate ways forward in the field of environmental health management.
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Human Vulnerability to Cholera and Bacillary Dysentery
Epistemological Challenges and Health Ecology Research
The Disease Environment of Beira Quelimane
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affected Africa amongst analysis associated bacillary dysentery bairros Bangladesh behaviour Beira caused cent Chapter cholera and bacillary cholera and dysentery contamination context correlation countries diarrhoeal disease directly displaced disease ecology disease incidence distribution of incidence emergence endemic environment environmental change environmental health environmental reservoirs epidemic established residents example factors faecal coliforms field sites Figure forced migrants FRELIMO further geographical groups households human ill-health implications incidence of cholera increase indicated infection infectious disease influence infrastructure latrine locations Maputo Mozambique occurred overall pathogens period physical environmental population density population displacement Prop Quelimane Quelimane and Beira rainfall rates of incidence recent refugees relocation RENAMO resettlement role rural saline samples sanitation seasonal serotype Shigella dysenteriae shigellosis socio-economic Sofala Sofala Province spatial distribution specific structural adjustment sub-areas suggested susceptibility urban areas Vibrio cholerae 01 vulnerability water supply whilst Zambezia Zambezia Province zones