Letters from Tabriz: The Russian Suppression of the Iranian Constitutional Movement
Hasan Javadi, Edward Granville Browne
Mage Publishers, 2008 - History - 287 pages
In August 1907 while Iran was in the throes of its Constitutional Revolution, Britain and Russia concluded a secret agreement to divide the country between themselves into zones of influence. In 1910 with the tacit support of the British, Tsarist Russia occupied northwest Iran and violently suppressed the constitutional movement in Tabriz, the northwestern city which was at the centre of the constitutional movement. The ferocity of the Russian occupation took leaders of the constitutionalists by surprise, and in desperation they cried out for help to democratic nations. Edward G Browne was a scholar and professor at Cambridge University who wrote "The Persian Revolution" and the four-volume "Literary History of Persia". He supported the constitutionalists in word and deed. Appalled by the British government's acquiescence of the Russian atrocities in Tabriz, he tried through letters to the editor, political lobbying, and the writing of pamphlets to mobilise public opinion to force the British government to intervene with Russia. "Letters from Tabriz" is the publication, prepared by Browne, of the letters sent to him by Iranian constitutionalist leaders describing, in rousing eyewitness accounts, the Russian atrocities in Tabriz. Its full publication was stifled because of the Anglo-Russian partnership prior to World War I, and it has never been published in English until now.
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The Russian Reign ofTerror in North Persia
TRANSLATION OF THE LETTERS
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affairs amongst Anzali Ardabil arrested arrived Azarbayjan Azerbaijan Basminch bazaars British Consul brother Browne chief Citadel Constantinople Constitutionalists Cossacks cruelties d-Dawla death December ex-Shah execution fighting Foreign gallows Governor Hajji Hajji AH Hajji Mirza hand hanged Hasan Hukmabad Husayn Husayn Quli Khan Iran January Karbala'i Karim Khan's Khata'i Khiyaban Khuy killed l-Isldm Legation Letters from Tabriz Maragha martyrs Mashhadi ment merchants Mirza Mahmud Morgan Shuster Muhammad AH Muharram mujtahid National Volunteers newspaper ofTabriz Ottoman patriots Persian Government Persian Revolution persons photographs Police political pretext prison Provincial Council published Qazwin quarter Rahim Khan Rasht Reactionaries refuge Russian Consul Russian Government Russian soldiers Russian troops Salmas Samad Khan Sattar Khan Sayyid sent Shafaq Shah Shaykh Salim Shujd Shuster sian Sir Edward Grey Tabriz Taqi-zada Tehran telegram telegraphed Thiqatu Thiqatu'l-Isldm tion took Translation tumans Turkish ulamd Urmiya victims White Book write