Beyond the Written Word: Oral Aspects of Scripture in the History of Religion
Cambridge University Press, Mar 11, 1993 - Religion - 306 pages
The concept of "scripture" as written religious text is reexamined in this close analysis of the traditions of oral use of the sacred writings of religions around the world. Pointing out the central importance of the oral and aural experience of religious texts in the life of religious communities of both Eastern and Western cultures, William Graham asserts the need for a new perspective on how scripture has been appropriated and used by the vast majority of all people who have been religious, most of whom could neither read nor write.
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Other editions - View all
ancient Arabic Arthur Jeffery aural authority Bibel Bible biblical book religion Brahman Buddhist canon century chanting chap Chapter Christian monasticism cited classical context culture especially example faith Friedrich Heiler function Geo Widengren gospel Greek Hadith heart Hebrew scriptures Heilige Schriften Hindu Holy Scriptures holy writ Horsiesius ibid importance India Islam Jewish Judaic language Latin learning Leipoldt and Morenz Literacy literate liturgy Lotus Sutra Luther major meaning medieval meditation memorization modern monastic monks Muhammad Muslim oral dimension Pach Pachomian Pachomius particular passages piety prayer present Prophet psalms qira'ah qira'at Qur'an Recitation reading aloud references religious revelation Rg Veda rhetoric ritual role sacred texts salat Schrift scriptural texts scriptural word sense society sources specific speech spoken word tajwid term Testament textual Torah trans translation transmission Veda Vedic Veilleux vocal vols Western worship Wort writing written text written word
Page viii - For books are not absolutely dead things, but do contain a potency of life in them to be as active as that soul was whose progeny they are...
Page 5 - ... [F]rom the historian's perspective, the sacrality or holiness of a book is not an a priori attribute of a text but one that is realized historically in the life of communities who respond to it as something sacred or holy. A text becomes 'scripture' in active, subjective relationship to persons, and as part of a cumulative communal tradition.
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