Newton’s Scientific and Philosophical Legacy

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Paul B. Scheurer, G. Debrock
Springer Science & Business Media, Dec 6, 2012 - History - 382 pages
This volume contains the Proceedings of the International Colloqui um "Newton's Scientific and Philosophical Legacy", that was held at the Catholic University of Nijmegen (The Netherlands) from June 9th to 12th 1987 to celebrate the Tercentenary of the publication of Newton's Philo sophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica (1667). Although 1987 was a busy year for Newton scholars, we were happy that five of most prom inent among them were able to come to Nijmegen and speak on the vari ous aspects of Newton's thought. They are the Professors I. Bernard Cohen (Harvard), Gale Christianson (Indiana State), B.J. Dobbs (Northwestern), Richard H. Popkin (UCLA) and Mordechai Feingold (Boston University). No doubt, recent scholarship has put Newton's genius in a quite different perspective from the one that had come to make up what may be called Newtonian mythology. Although his achievements in the areas of mechanics, mathematics, and optics remain indisputed, Newton's scientific efforts were apparently entirely subordi nate to his religious beliefs. This volume has been divided into four parts, preceded by a Pream ble in which Prof. Christianson offers a vivid portrait of Newton as a per son. The first part deals with the science of Newton as he himself under stood that term. The second part considers the influence of Newton's work on later scientific developments. The third part deals primarily with the question of the methodological influence of Newton, and the last part with his more philosophical legacy. Two editorial remarks are due.
 

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Contents

Newton The Man Again
3
Newtons Third Law and Universal Gravity
25
Newtons Alchemy and his Active Principle of Gravitation
55
Newtons Biblical Theology and his Theological Physics
81
Newtons Opticks and the Incomplete Revolution
99
Newtons Pendulum Experiment and specific Characteristics of his Scientific Method in Physics
113
The Surprises of Newtonian Determinism
135
Newtons Conception of Time in Modern Physics and Philosophy
151
a Legacy from Newton to Modern Physics
227
A Characterization of the Newtonian Paradigm
239
Newtons Mathematization of Physics in Retrospect
253
Probability Planets and Newtons Methodology
269
an Insight into Resilient Patterns of Thought
275
Newtons Construction of the Law of Gravitation
281
Newton and Locke through the Enlightenment and beyond
291
What Survives from the Classical Concept of Absolute Time
309

Gravitation and NineteenthCentury Physical Worldviews
161
a Newtonian Legacy
175
Reconciliation of the Newtonian Framework with Thermodynamics by the Reproducibility of a Collective Physical Quantity
183
Newtonian Gravitational Theory and General Relativity in the Light of the Correspondence between their Mathematical Models
193
Chemical Affinity in the 19th Century and Newtonianism
201
Newton Lavoisier and Modern Science
219
Newtons Theory of Matter
321
Ethics Politics and Sociology as Newtonian Sciences
343
Aristotle Wittgenstein alias Isaac Newton between Fact and Substance
355
A Word About the Authors
379
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