The History of Agriculture in Dane County, Wisconsin

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University of Wisconsin, 1905 - Agriculture - 214 pages
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Page 93 - ... person desiring to purchase and hold for investment or speculation. The essential conditions of a pre-emption are actual entry upon, residence in a dwelling, and improvement and cultivation of a tract of land. The several pre-emption acts give a preference to the settlers. Pre-emption is a premium in favor of and condition for making permanent settlement and a home.
Page 150 - Gathering renewed force with every new acre planted in the county of Sauk, where it may be said to have originated, and where the crop of 1865 was over half a million of pounds, it spread from neighborhood to neighborhood, and from county to county, until by 1867 it had hopped the whole State over...
Page 123 - The sickle and the cradle in the farmers' hands constituted the reapers. The flail was sometimes used in threshing, but more often oxen or horses were made to tread out the grain as in ancient times. Men even made it a business to go about the country to do threshing with a pair or two of cattle as the sole threshing outfit. The grain was stacked around a circle or open space some thirty or forty feet in diameter. Preferably the stacks were left till the ground froze and then on this open space,...
Page 93 - The preemption system," says Donaldson,1 "arose from the necessities of settlers, and through a series of more than 57 years of experience in attempts to sell or otherwise dispose of the public lands. The early idea of sales for revenue was abandoned and a plan of disposition for homes was substituted. The preemption system was the result of law, experience, executive orders, departmental rulings, and judicial construction. It has been many-phased, and was applied by special acts to special localities,...
Page 140 - The value of wheat and corn per ton at different distances from market as affected by cost of transportation, by railroad and over the ordinary roads of the country as given in Industrial Resources of Wisconsin, John Gregory, p.
Page 101 - Nicholas 37 of Baltimore advertised many hundred acres to be sold in this manner at Madison on June 4, 1840, but there seems to be no record that other so as not to Interfere in the general settlement, and even then the settlers skin the speculator out of his profits by taxation."—Madison Argus, October 22, 1850.
Page 110 - Indian corn with ditches instead of rails — more permanent work — answering the double purpose of staying the prairie fire and keeping off cattle ; he has sunk a well, and built stables, barn, and hog-pen, on a large scale, and, like a wise man, lived, up to this, in a simple log and mud cabin. I am really at a loss to know where the...
Page 127 - ... plant food, yet it was with rare exceptions that even the small amount of such fertilizer which each farmer had at his disposal was utilized. Handling manure was not fashionable, and no one wished to be thought eccentric. Yards were left till they could no longer be used conveniently because of the annual accumulations; horse stables were moved when the available space for dung heaps around them was occupied. Occasionally the manure was carted off to a marsh or creek and there dumped where it...
Page 115 - Some idea of the manner of making a home in the wilderness may be gathered from the reminiscences of an old Rock county pioneer : "During the summer of '37 I made a claim on the bank of the Rock river three miles above Jefferson. In December following I took an ax, a ham of pork, and a blanket, walked down to Jefferson, bought a few loaves of bread of EG Darling, also borrowed a boat of him — went up to my claim to make the necessary improvements to hold it until spring.
Page 112 - Upon the whole It is our opinion that, everything considered, the oak openings are the best lands for a farmer of moderate means. These lands seem to be less rich In the vegetable producing elements than the other two [timber and prairies] but such is not the fact as demonstrated by experience. The soil of the oak openings is of a lighter color, but it produces the finest crops pf cereais, including corn and aiso esculent roots.

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