Heidegger's Volk: Between National Socialism and Poetry
In 1933 the philosopher Martin Heidegger declared his allegiance to Hitler. Ever since, scholars have asked to what extent his work is implicated in Nazism. To address this question properly involves neither conflating Nazism and the continuing philosophical project that is Heidegger's legacy, nor absolving Heidegger and, in the process, turning a deaf ear to what he himself called the philosophical motivations for his political engagement. It is important to establish the terms on which Heidegger aligned himself with National Socialism. On the basis of an untimely but by no means unprecedented understanding of the mission of the German people, the philosopher first joined but then also criticized the movement. An exposition of Heidegger's conception of Volk hence can and must treat its merits and deficiencies as a response to the enduring impasse in contemporary political philosophy of the dilemma between liberalism and authoritarianism.
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abstract already animal becomes Being-in-the-world being-outside-of-itself Being-with-one-another blue deer classical ontology concealedness concealment concept confrontation cosmopolitanism critique Dasein death decay defined definition degger Derrida determination difference distinction entity essence of truth essential failure Fatherland finitude folkish Freiburg University Georg Trakl German University Geschlecht Gleichschaltung grasp Greece Greeks ground Hegel Hegelian Heidegger writes Heidegger's engagement Heimat hence historicality Hitler Holderlin human Ibid inasmuch individual Jacques Derrida Kant knowledge language lecture course liberal logic Marx means metaphysics metaphysics of presence National Socialism National Socialist Nazi negation negativity never Nietzsche nihilism not-yet NSDAP object ontic orientation Phenomenology of Spirit philosophy Plato poem poet poetry political possibility presence present-at-hand pure question rectorial address regime reification Self-Assertion sense simply space speaks Spirit Sprache stands struggle thereby thinkers thinking thought tion tional Socialism Trakl trans transcendence ttoAls ttoXls Un-thought uncanny understanding unity University Press Volk Wahrheit Wesen