State Identities and the Homogenisation of Peoples
Why are forced displacement, ethnic cleansing and genocide an enduring feature of state systems? In this book, Heather Rae locates these practices of 'pathological homogenisation' in the processes of state building. Political elites have repeatedly used cultural resources to redefine bounded political communities as exclusive moral communities, from which outsiders must be expelled. Showing that these practices predate the age of nationalism, Rae examines cases from both pre-nationalist and nationalist eras: the expulsion of the Jews from fifteenth century Spain, the persecution of the Huguenots under Louis XIV, and in the twentieth century, the Armenian genocide, and ethnic cleansing in former Yugoslavia. She argues that those atrocities prompted the development of international norms of legitimate state behaviour that increasingly define sovereignty as conditional. Rae concludes by examining two 'threshold' cases - the Czech Republic and Macedonia - to identify the factors that may inhibit pathological homogenization as a method of state-building.
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State formation and pathological homogenisation
The other within Christian Europe statebuilding in early modern Spain
Statebuilding in early modern France Louis XIV and the Huguenots
Pathological homogenisation and Turkish statebuilding the Armenian genocide of 19151916
Ethnic cleansing and the breakup of Yugoslavia
Evolving international norms
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action actors argues Armenian genocide Balkan Bosnia Bosnia-Herzegovina Catholic centralisation chapter Christian Church citizenship claims conflict constitution conversos corporate identity crimes Croatia cultural Czech Republic Dadrian democratic despite domestic early modern economic Edict of Nantes elites ethnic Albanians ethnic cleansing ethnic Macedonians Europe European expulsion forced former Yugoslavia France French Garrisson groups History Huguenots Human Rights Ibid identity construction Inquisition international community international norms international relations Jews Jews of Spain Kosovo legitimacy legitimate Louis XIV Macedonia massacres Milosevic minorities monarchs Moriscos Muslims national identity nationalist nineteenth century non-Serbs organisation Ottoman Empire Party pathological homogenisation policies political population practices Protestantism Protestants recognised reform regime religion religious Republic of Macedonia role Roma rulers Serbia Serbs social identity society sovereign sovereignty Spain Spanish state-building Sultan symbolic territorial theory threat Tilly tion Treaty Turkey Turkish nationalism twentieth century University Press Ustasha violence World Young Turks Yugoslav