Before Columbus: Exploration and Colonization from the Mediterranean to the Atlantic, 1229-1492

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University of Pennsylvania Press, Jun 1, 1987 - History - 283 pages
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Demonstrating that Columbus's voyage was a new step in a centuries-old process of European expansion, Fernandez-Armesto provides a stimulating account of the broadening of Europe's physical and mental horizons in the Middle Ages. He shows how the techniques and institutions of medieval colonial expansion that were applied to the New World made long-term conquest and settlement possible.

A brief introduction analyzes the problems that face students and historians. Then, concentrating on medieval Spanish colonial development, but carefully linking that development to the wider European process of expansion, the author surveys the great areas of expansion in the Western Mediterranean: the island conquests of the House of Barcelona; the "first Atlantic Empire" in Andalusia, its environs, Valencia, and Murcia; the Genoese Mediterranean; and the North African coast.

In the last four chapters, Fernandez-Armesto sketches the course and characteristics of early European expansion of the Atlantic before Columbus and highlights the impact of geography and anthropology on the discovery of "the Atlantic space." The emphasis throughout is on tracing the elements of continuity and discontinuity between Mediterranean and Atlantic worlds and studying how colonial societies originate and behave.

 

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Contents

THE ISLAND CONQUESTS OF THE HOUSE OF BARCELONA
11
ANDALUSIA AND ITS ENVIRONS
43
SHARQ AL ANDALUS
70
THE GENOESE MEDITERRANEAN
96
THE RIM OF AFRICA
121
MAPPING THE EASTERN ATLANTIC
151
THE ATLANTIC CRUCIBLE
169
FROM THE CANARIES TO THE NEW WORLD
203
THE MENTAL HORIZON
223
References
253
Further Reading
267
Index
276
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About the author (1987)

Felipe Fernandez-Armesto is a fellow of St. Anthony's College, Oxford, and has twice been a Visiting Senior Lecturer at Warwick University. His previous books include Columbus and The Canary Islands after the Conquest.

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