The Genius of Oblivion: And Other Original Poems

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J. B. Moore, 1823 - Mound-builders - 146 pages

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Page 68 - The inner wall was of clay, taken up probably in the northern part of the fort, where was a low place, and is still considerably lower than any other part of the work. The outside wall was taken from the ditch which is between these walls, and is alluvial, consisting of pebbles worn smooth in water, and sand, to a very considerable depth, more than 50 feet at least.
Page 68 - There are two forts, one being an exact circle, the other being an exact square. The former is surrounded by two walls, with a deep ditch between them ; the latter is encompassed by one wall without any ditch. The former was sixty-nine feet in diameter, measuring from outside to outside of the circular outer wall ; the latter is exactly fifty-five rods square, measuring the same way.
Page 65 - ... not so numerous. The mounds vary, in magnitude, vastly from each other, and' somewhat so in shape; some are 'of a conical figure, ending on the top in a point, and as steep on the sides as the earth could be made to lie; others are of the same form, except that they present a flat area on the top, like a cone cut off at some distance from its vertex, in a plane coincident with its base, or with the horizon. — Others again are of a semiglobular shape.
Page 66 - Sometimes, though rarely, their form is elliptical or oval, and a few of them are square. Their height is almost infinitely various. Some of them are so low as to be scarcely perceptible : some are from 20 to 30 feet in perpendicular height ; while others again are of an intermediate elevation.
Page 67 - The walls are, mostly, single ; but in a few instances, the forts have been found consisting of two walls parallel, and adjacent to each other. As to their local situation, it may, perhaps, suffice to observe, that they are, generally, situated on a comparatively elevated site of ground, adjoining a river or stream of water. Some, even among the most learned men have controverted the idea of their having been designed for forts; but a strong argument in favor of the idea is, that they seem, in a...
Page 69 - The walls of the square fort are, at this time, where left standing, about ten feet in height. There were eight gate-ways, or openings, leading into the square fort, and only one into the circular fort. Before each of these openings was a mound of earth, perhaps four feet high, forty feet perhaps in diameter at the base, and twenty or upwards at the summit. These mounds, for two rods or more, are exactly in front of the gateways, and were intended for the defence of these openings.
Page 66 - ... nearly 100 acres. The number of their entrances or gate-ways, varies in different forts from one to eight or more, in proportion to the plan of construction, and magnitude of the enclosure. The walls are, mostly, single ; but, in a few instances, the forts have been found consisting of two walls parallel, and adjacent to each other.
Page 69 - The walls of this work vary a few degrees from north and south, east and west ; but not more than the needle varies ; and not a few surveyors have, from this circumstance, been impressed with the belief that the authors of these works were acquainted with astronomy. What...
Page 66 - Many of these mounds are composed of earth of a diffcrent quality from that which is found in their immediate vicinity. This circumstance seems to indicate that the earth of which they were composed, was transported from some distance. A striking instance of this difference of composition was observed, a few years since, in a mound at Franklinton, near the main fork of the Scioto river.
Page 65 - Allegheny mountains as the country is much known. The general direction in which these fortifications, as they are called, lie, is from northeast to southwest. The...

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