Grammar of the Benga-Bantu Language

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American Tract Society, 1892 - Benga language - 108 pages

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Page 4 - The Science of Language : Linguistics, Philology, Etymology. By Abel Hovelacque. Translated by AH Keane, BA, Author of "History of the English Language," " German Inflexion,"
Page 5 - ... of the Cape, and northwards a little beyond the Equator, where it meets the Ethiopian group of the Hamitic family, and the dialects of the negroes of Guinea, thus spreading north and south over about one-half of the whole continent. " About one-fourth of the natives of Africa speak the various dialects of this family. These are very numerous, and are...
Page 7 - ... rather numerous variations, but always in accordance with well-determined principles. In this respect the Kafir idioms are more refined than many other agglutinating tongues, instances occurring in them of true vowel harmony, that is, of the vowel of one syllable assimilating to that of another in the same word. " The consonantal system seems somewhat complex, owing to the great number of double consonants, whose first element is a nasal ; nt, nd, mp, etc.
Page 7 - It is divided into three great branches, a Western, a Central, and an Eastern, each of which is again subdivided into a number of minor groups. They are thus classified by Fr.
Page 10 - neng,' great, may, in a sentence, have four or five different prefixes, if it happen to be repeated so many times, as qualifying so many words also formed by means of those prefixes.
Page 5 - In any case, let us state at once that in the agglutinating tongues there is no true declension or conjugation ; the use of these terms, as well as of the corresponding words case, nominative, accusative, genitive, and so on...
Page 4 - Of all known languages, those that by their form belong to this second (B) class are by far the most numerous. Beyond all manner of doubt they belong to a great many stocks, very distinct, independent, and incapable of being reduced to a common source...
Page 8 - Hottentot neighbors, as they occur in those Kafir dialects only that border on the Hottentot domain, as, for instance, in those of the Zulu branch. The farther we proceed from this...
Page 9 - These various formative prefixes of course differ in the various idioms of the Bantu family, but they all nevertheless derive from older common forms. At some unknown period there existed a common Bantu tongue, which subsequently broke up into different dialects, all characterized by special euphonic laws.
Page 9 - Pturiet. watu atu andu wantu vandu vanttu attu abantu abantu bathu batu vano ovandu oantu omano oatu oantu bato batu batu batyi L'élément qui a pour mission d'indiquer la notion du cas se place également avant le nom. En héréro, par exemple, le signe de l'instrumental étant na, nous avons namundu ou nomundu « avec l'homme ». Il ya ici application d'une loi euphonique : la...

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