Travels through Syria and Egypt, in the years 1783, 1784, and 1785: Containing the present natural and political state of those countries, their productions, arts, manufactures, and commerce; with observations on the manners,customs, and government of the Turks and Arabs. Illustrated with copper plates
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Aleppo Alexandretta Alexandria ancient appears Arabia Arabs Asouan become Bedouins body Bolbitine Cairo Caliphs called camels canal cause CHAP climate clouds coast Constantinople continually Copts coun cubits cultivated Daher Damascus Damietta declivity Delta desert Diarbekir discover Druzes earth Egypt Egyptian enemy Europe Europeans fact fame feet frequently Gaza Greeks Hauran heat height Herodotus horse hundred Ibrahim imagine inhabitants inundation lakes land leagues Lebanon less Letters likewise livres Mamlouks Mediterranean merchants Milesians Mohammad months Morad mountains Mussulmen Nahr-el-kelb nations nature never Niebuhr Nile observed Pacha plain pounds present produce Psammeticus pyramids rain reason Red Sea remarkable river Rosetta ruins sabre sand Savary Sect Shaik stone Strabo Suez Sultan summer Syria tain thing thousand tion toises travellers tribes Tripoli Turkmans Turks valley vapours vessels villages whole winds winter Yafa
Page 61 - The sky, at other times so clear in this climate, becomes dark and heavy; the sun loses his splendour, and appears of a violet colour. The air is not cloudy, but grey and thick, and is in fact filled with an extremely subtile dust, which penetrates every where.
Page 350 - ... of the eastern sky. Volney remarks, that clouds are sometimes seen to dissolve and disperse like smoke; while on other occasions they form in an instant, and from a small speck increase to a prodigious size. This is particularly observable at the summit of Lebanon ; and mariners have usually found that the appearance of a cloud on this peak is an infallible presage of a westerly wind, one of the
Page 383 - ... but by antelopes, hares, locufts, and rats. Such is the nature of nearly the whole country, which...
Page 395 - If, therefore, a tribe, or any of its fubjecls, enter upon a foreign territory, they are treated as enemies, and robbers, and a war breaks out. Now, as all the tribes have affinities with each other by alliances of blood, or treaties, leagues are formed, which render thefe wars more or lefs general.
Page 357 - In the year 622, (636,) the Arabian tribes, collected under the banners of Mahomet, seized, or rather laid it waste. Since that period, torn to pieces by the civil wars of the Fatimites and the Ommiades; wrested from the caliphs by their rebellious governors ; taken from them by the Turkmen soldiery ; invaded by the European crusaders; retaken by the Mamelukes of Egypt, and ravaged by Tamerlane and his Tartars, it has at length fallen into the hands of the Ottoman Turks.
Page 81 - That is," says Volney, in his remark on this passage, " that the ancient ^Egyptians were real negroes, of the same species with all the natives of Africa; and though, as might be expected, after mixing for so many ages with the Greeks and Romans, they have lost the intensity ot their first colour, yet they still retain strong marks of their original conformation.
Page 396 - Tar, or retaliation ; and the right of exacting it devolves on the nearest of kin to the deceased. So nice are the Arabs on this point of honour, that if any one neglects to seek his retaliation he is disgraced for ever. He therefore watches every opportunity of revenge ; if his enemy...
Page 60 - Their heat is sometimes so excessive, that it is difficult to form any idea of its violence without having experienced it ; but it may be compared to the heat of a large oven at the moment of drawing out the bread. When these winds begin to blow, the atmosphere assumes an alarming aspect. The sky, at other times so clear in this climate, becomes dark and heavy ; the sun loses his splendour, and appears of a violet colour.
Page 397 - Bedouins a military people, though they have made no great progrefs in war as an art. Their camps are formed in a kind of irregular circle, compofed of a fingle row of tents, with greater or lefs intervals.
Page 321 - With these numerous advantages of climate and soil, it is not surprising that Syria should always have been esteemed a most delicious country, and that the Greeks and Romans ranked it among the most beautiful of their provinces, and even thought it not inferior to Egypt...