The Roman Monetary System: The Eastern Provinces from the First to the Third Century AD
The Roman monetary system was highly complex. It involved official Roman coins in both silver and bronze, which some provinces produced while others imported them from mints in Rome and elsewhere, as well as, in the East, a range of civic coinages. This is a comprehensive study of the workings of the system in the Eastern provinces from the Augustan period to the third century AD, when the Roman Empire suffered a monetary and economic crisis. The Eastern provinces exemplify the full complexity of the system, but comparisons are made with evidence from the Western provinces as well as with appropriate case studies from other historical times and places. The book will be essential for all Roman historians and numismatists and of interest to a broader range of historians of economics and finance.
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chapter 2 Planning the financial policy of the Roman state
chapter 3 Trimetallism and bimetallic laws
chapter 4 The application of the Quantity Theory of Money to thirdcentury economics
chapter 5 Roman monetary integration
chapter 6 Microeconomies
ancient Antioch antoniniani and bronzes areas army Asia Minor Athens aurei aureus bimetallic bronze coins bronzes per annum bullion Caracalla cash chapter Chart circulation pools cities civic mints coin finds commercial commodities comparison of denarii Corinth Dacia debased denarii denominations Dio Cass Duncan-Jones Dura Europos eastern provinces Elagabalus emperor Ephesus evidence excavation finds exchange rates G a llie G a llu Gallienus Gazdac gold coins Gordian III Greece h ilip Herodian Howgego imperial increase indicate inscription integration interregional issues large number markets metal Military Anarchy period Moesia monetary economy monetary system monetisation Mylasa number of coins numismatic Pannonia Superior payments peak precious-metal coinages probably production profits regions reign of Gallienus reign of Gordian reign of Septimius revenues Roman empire Rome Septimius Severus sestertii Severan period small change soldiers substantial Syria taxes tetradrachms third century trade Trajan Decius Trebonianus Gallus weight standards