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astonishment; astonishing: surprisod'. pp. prtzd': surprisingly. ad. -slny]vli.

sumndsr, v. s-dr-renidér (old F. sumnder. to dallver up-irom sur, over. and rendre. to rvnder), to deliver up. as one’s Mil; to yield to the power of another; to give or dnliver up; to rosign: to yield to any influence; in rail" to lay down arms and yield. as n prisoner of war: it. the art of rcsignin one's person. or the possession of something. into i 0 bands of another a yialdiugorfiivinn up: surrsn’dsrlng. im .: lurrsn' Nil. lip. M : lurrsn'dorsr, n. 41, one w 0 surrenders; suma’daror’, n. 416101’, in law, the tenant who surrenders an estato into the hands of his lord: surran'dsras’, n. div-d‘. the person to whom the lord grants surrendered land.

surreptitious. a sdrirslmtshiils (L. sun's mon, stolen, surreptitious—from hurrqflum. to snou- awn socially—bum sub, under. and mpmm, to seize an carry oil‘). done by stealth or without authority; made or introduced haudulentl‘y; sur'roptitl'ously, ad. 4!.

to. n. alirlro-pd L. rurmqumm. to elect in

the place of another—Prom sub, \llllli‘f. and ro I, i ask). the deputy of an ecclesiastical judgv, usual y or a bishop or his chancellor; an oiilcer authorised to Lune marriage licences.

surround, v. sdr-n/TL-nd' (F. sur. upon. and round). to enclose on all sides; to eucirule; to encompass; to fence about: surrouad'in‘. im .: ad]. being on all sides of; eat-lowing: surround’ .pp: surround’inp, n. plu. Jugs. external or ntts-ndi clrculnstanuei.

sursolld, u. Pér‘sdllld F. sur, a \‘c, and solid), 1n arirh" the filth war 0 a number.

surtout. n. -Id’ (P. sur. over. and ionl. all; L tows. all. the whole). an overcoat; a coat having a wide skirt reaching about "It! knees.

surturbrand, n. ae'rfle‘r-brdnd (lcel. rurinrbmndr— from mrir, and bmndr. s iirebrsnd). in gvoL. s pontlike variety of brown coal or liguite. occurring in the pliocene de its. and sometlinus under the volauic overflows o lu.-land.

survsillancs. n. aérwdlfydns (F. summarize—(rom sur-Willa, to Watch. to have an r 0 upon: F. sur, over. and L. vigilarr. towntmbhovenig it ; watch ; ins ctlon.

survsy, v. sér-vd'mld it’. survem'r. to uvrrsee: super. over. and widen, to see. to overlook), to ovvrlook; to inspect: to view with auantiun. as from a height: to ovi-rsoe; to measure, as land; to nxalnins attentively a dlatrict of country with the vivw of determining its area. the distances between the most nnninent obJocts. the but posslblo traols for s ru way or usual. itc: Mm n. strin‘l, an attentive View; an examination of the park and particulars; ibis operation of examining attentively a district of country. a line vi must. a sea, 6a.. with the view of dvtl'rmlnlufintglln“DOES, tho baring of objerts, do: lurwy'ia‘. p.: n. the act or art of measuri ’ land. laying down inrlta. tbo bearingu 0! ob outs, n.. in any dis trict oi coun ry: Iurvsyad’, pp. mid‘: sum or. n one plsoed w superintend others; one 1 0 surveys a district of country, to; one who viuws and exnminrn for a particular purpose: sunsy'orsblp. n. the Ohio: of s surveyor; land-surveying, tho art of measuring and laying out plans of lands or est-Mos: surssyor-ssnsral, a ohm or head surveyor: trigononsot‘rlcfl . a survuy on a large sale by means of a fivrics of triangles Iboso sidu extend over many m es.

survivs.v. ohms/(F. sur-rim. to survive: L supvrrlrm, to outlivo—ii'om sum. over. and vino, I live). to live beyond another; to outlive, as a person or thing; to remain slivn: sursi'visg. imp.: all}. let alive: survlnd', . and’: survival, u. union . a living beyond the to of another: Iurfi‘vor, n. weir. one who outlivoa mother: survl'vorsni . nv sink! or outllviug another; an est-std. the bi-neiic al interest in which is contingent on surviving anothur person.

sua, sis (L sub). s prefix. being anotbnr form 0! sub, 'hlrh m.

NI. L sis-Mpfibbl (lt. smrqrfibile; F. rusrynible. susceptible—from L susrrpium. to take hold 4 . to sustain—horn sub. under. and (upturn. in take). rapable of admitting an hing additional; that may miss some change. in uenco. ion, 61:; bond"; impmssiblo: susosp’tibi IA. -u susesp'ti‘bianon, n. Mala. also ‘ti ‘it , . 5l-ll. the quality of admitting sometb ng sddit onal; the bring mpable of wiring some change. lnliurnoe, adoction. or passion ; impnaibillty: slscsp'tivs, a m‘. roadily Idllll'r


suslik. n. 511:5"): (Russ), the variegated or carlcss


suspect. v. ssh-p05! (L. cucpedum. to look at from beneath, tomlstrust—ii'om sub. under. and spa-tum, to look at: l". unspent. suspeck-d . to imagine or be of opinion that something exists. ui. without positive evidence; to mistrust; to doubt; to imagiui: to be

illty: u. is doubtful or s pet-ted person: suspect’Eg. imp.: suspect/ed. [1]).. all. in ined without proof; mistrusmd: 'sdly, ad. - l.- suspsct'sdnsss, n. ‘ms, the state oi’ being uusgee’oted or doubled.

suspend, v. ails-paid‘ (L. s'lwptn e. to hang up— h'oin sub, under. and pemkrz, to bang downwards: lt. sus : F. adrr], to mnko to ban ; to attach to soruutblng sbovv; to cause to CNN!!! for a time; to interrupt: in do rive of any privile or ofllco for a time: all, imp.: sulpsnd'stfieipn sdJ. caused to cause or a tuna; held undiswl' in water; held undetermined: d'srs, n. pin. in. strips for holding u trouser: ; "stud ' supports hum which things may Aug: to suspend payment, to cruise to meet on ements, as u trader or company; to become bankrupt?‘

suspense. n. slls‘ptnt" (L s-uspmsmn. to hang up: F. sus ruse. suspense, suspension: Sp. suspenso, ll pend ), astute oi ulna-minty; doubt; indecision; caution for a time: ldj. held in doubt or Expectatlon: 'sibls. a. penal-bl. that may be suspendad or held from sinking: susxou'sibll’ity, n. ~bllii-il. the capacity oi’ being suspen ed. or sustained from sinking: luspm'sion. n. ushlln. tho act or haagin up. or causing to burn: from, by utlnching to sumo-filing above; cessation forstime: interruption ; the deprivingtor a timn of power. privilege. or oiiiee: lupus’sor. n. M. in sur-9., a bandage to sun nd thev scrotum; in boL. the cord which suspen thu embryo, and is attached to the nuilclo in the young state.mpm'sory, a. 'sV-r‘l. that suspends; doubtful: I. that which nus ends: suspension-bridge. a bridge hnriug the ros way supported by (‘bu-ins passing over two or more high piers or wlunins. and well secuml bvlow and at t a ends: suspension of arms. s short truce or cessation of hostile operations. ngrued on by contending parties or armies in a tluiu or war, as for burying the dead.

suspicion, u. m-plslildn (L nupdcio, mistrust—from sub. under. and specie. I look at: F. suspirtvn) imagination of the existunce of sonmthin upon little or no evidence; doubt; mistrust: suspl 'ous,a. ‘digs tto imagine with liitle or no reason; mlstrustfui; is or opan tonuspicion; questionable: suspiciously, ad. vll: sulpld'oulntss, n. 4W4. the quality or state of being suspicious.

sustain. v. ssls-ldn'iL mum". to hold u right— h'om sub, under, and mum. i hold: P. so emr, to keep u I. to bear or hold up; to kuop from falling; to keep ve; to maintain: to suffer. as a loss: sus' tain'ln‘, imp.: adj. bearing; u holding; suflering: sustalnad', pp. 40nd’; ad]. un form: sultaln‘srr, n. ~61. be who or that which sustains: Isstain’abh. a. dbl. that may be sustained.

susknanes, n. "ls-'lbmlns (L ltd-dim. supporting: old i". msimantr). support; food ; victuals: Manta’tion. nv Jen-Miami" (L sash-alumni. bo su p0 to maintain). prrservstlon from falling; use 0 i or provisions; sup rt ollile; maintenance.

sutlsr. IL sur! (Gerv nukln. to dabble in the wet. to do dirty work; sudkr. a dabblsr: Dut. soetzlen, to do dirty work). stump-follower; one who follows an army to soil provisions and liquors: sutt-ls v. sdfltl, to act as a sut er; s'ut'tllng. imp. 4" : en -ed utlub‘ljlllefi a. the occuputlun oia an! or: In I PP. Jul 1 .

luttso. n. nit-ll (Sans. salt-from ml. existing. true. good). in India, the sarrli‘ire or buming a widow on the tum-ml pile of lu.-r husband; the widow who so immolates hersell—aimiishml throughout British Indlulu i829: suttu’ism, u. ~tzm. the practice or sellimmolntion.

suttis. n. nil!" (ii-om Eng. subtlsnrbich see: I. subtilis, nice, murnt»). tho weight or goods alter the tare has been doductod, and trot has yet in be allowed.

“M. n, m11Qr(L_ nature. a mum; Mum, to sew or stitch: F. sum": it. sumru). in mm be drawing tmther of a wound by sewing; in anal scam or 105-: uniting the bones of the skull; in ., the part where separate organs unite, 0r win-re the edges of a ("idea organ adhere: lu’tural. a. Jul-nu, or or reinning to a suture; in bot. lpplicd to that lunn of dehiscence or separation of fruits which takes place at the sutures: su'tured, a. Jdrd, having sutures:


ventral suture. in the ovary. that next the centre of the flower: dorsal suture, that which corresponds to the midrib.

sussnin, n. soils-ran (F. suzerain. s lord paramount—from sus, above: L. sursum. h h up, shove), the supreme or highest lord ; a superior 0rd to whom fealty is due: su'ssrainty, n. won-ti (F. suurametc), paramount authority or command.

swab, n. swob (Dut. swabber: 8w. swobb, a mop made of re : Dut. nmbberm, to dabble, to paddle: Ger. schw brin, to splash), a mop made of unravelled rope, used on shipboard for cleaning the decks; a mop for cleaning floors: v. to clean or rywith a mop: swab'bing, imp.: swabbsd, p . swobd: swab’ber, n. 361'. an inferior oillcer appoin to see the ship kept ' ean.

swaddls, v. swodfdl (Dut. swruiderm; Bav. schwadcrn ,- rov. Eng. swatter. to splash or spill liquids : Dut. no . a swaddling~band), to bind, as with a bandage; to swaths: n clothes bound round the body: swad'dllng. imp. ‘dung: lwaddlsd, pp. swddidld: swaddiing-band, a band or cloth wrapped round an infant.

swag, v. away (from the idea of tremulous motion rexresented by the sound of dashing water: Swiss, sc wabben, to splash. to stagger like a drunken man ; schwdgdn, to stroll about: Bav. schwadcrn, to splash, to bluster). to sink down by its own weight- to move, as something bee and pendent: imp.: s ed, 8?. swdg .- swagger, v. swag! , to 'luster; to b y; brag noisily; to walk in an affected manner, swaying from one side to the other: a. an affected or insolent manner of walking: swsg’gsring, imp.: ad). blusteri ; exhibiting an insolen or affected manner of wul : Iwag’gsrsd, pp. ~gérd: swag’gerlsr, aka-er, one W30 sw trls): lizsboasltft’ut'l noisylfelow: gy,a.~gi, e n on y weg :sway ng.

swain, n. swan (DanPfvend, a bachelor: lcel. sveinn, a box, a young man). a young man employed in husban 1' ; arustic; a lover.

s, n. swal (probabl from vale, with s prefixed),

al {valley or low place; s e, in opposition to sunan no.

swallow, n. swdlflo (lcel. mla; Ger. schwalbe; Dut. zwuluw, a swallow), a well-known migratory bird which arrives in Britain about the middle of April: swallow-tailed, a. narrowing towards the end.

swallow, v. memo (imitative of the sound made in swallowing a liquid: Ger. schwelqen. toguule: lcel. svclgia, to swallow: Dut. sun-lam, to devour), to take down the throat: to absorb; to draw or sink into ; to engross; to occupy com letely; to exhaust: to consume; to receive or em race without scruple or examination, as opinions: swal’lowing. imp.: n. the act of taking down the throat; the act of absorbi ; the receiving hn licitly : swallowed, pp. 40d : swal' owsr, n. er. one w o swallows.

swam, v. swam, pt. of swim. which see.

swamp, n. swdmpflcel. s mama. to splash: Nomi. skumpla, to shake to and to in avessel: Low Ger. swamfi; Ger. schwamm, a s onge. a soft spongy growt ), a tract of land sat with moisture, and unfit for agricultural or pastoral purposes, but having a growth of certain kinds of trees—commonly. thong erroneously, used as synonymous with bog or morass: v. to plunge or sink in, as in a swamp' to overwhelm and fill with water. as a bout: to plunge into inextrlcable difllculties: swamp'ing, imp.: swamped,

. swompt: swampy a. swompfl. consisting of or like a swamp; wet and ngy: swamp-ore. a familiar term for bog-iron ore, w ich occurs in swampy tracts in bands or cakes of considerable thickness.

swan, n. swon (Dut. zwcum; Ger. schwon, a swan), a web-footed aquatic bird closely resembling the goose, with a very long neck, and remarkable for its grace and elegance while swimming: swan’nery, n. meal, a breeding~place for swans.

swap, v. 8100;» (imitative of the sound of a blow, hence any sudden movement, as in falling: Low Ger. swaps, expressing the sound of a smack. quick: W. chwap, a sudden stroke or blow), to strike with a hasty sweeping blow; to fall down with sudden violence: (from the notion of a sudden turn.) to exchange; to barter: n. a blow; a stroke: ad. hastily; ata blow: swap’ping, imp.: swapped, pp. swdpf.

swaps, n. map (from sweep), a long pole turning (11.11 an upright post, used for raising water from u we


sward, n. swolhrd (lcel. svm-dr; Dut. swan-dz,- Ger. schwnrlc, the thick skin of bacon or pork), the coat of turf on a grass-field, hillsidel do: swardy. a. wafer: di. covered with grass.

swars, v. swdr, the old pt. of the verb swear, which see.

swarm, n. swal'vmi (imitative of a confused hummi ng or buzzing sound: Ger. schwannen, to make a confused sound. as amultitude in motion: Bsv. .schwurm, confusion in the head), a multitude of creatures moving in a confused mass; a t number; a crowd: v. to crowd together with co used movements; to collect and depart from a hive in a body, as honey-bees seeking new quarters : to throng together; to be thronged or overrun: swarm’ , imp.: ad). collecting and moving in a crowded as bees do; thronging: swarmed. PP. awoifvrmd.

swart, a. swafvrt, also swarth, a swa‘fcrth (Goth. soar-ts,- lcel. com-fr ; Ger. schwurz, black), darkly brown; black; tawny: swart. v. to blacken; to make dusky: swarting, imp.: swart'sd, p .: swarthy, a. swal'orfhfi, bel of a dark or dus complexion; tawny: swarth’ y, ad. ~11.- swarth'insss, n oil's. duskiness or darkness of com lexion.

swash, n. swdsh (imitat ve of the sound made by the collision of liquids or divided solids: Piedm. BMW, to splash 8w. swassa. to sw r). the blustering noise made by a ll uid flowing t violence; a swagger; in meclL, a ure whose circumference is not round but oval: v. to bluster; to make a clatter or great noise: swash’ , imp.: swashsd, p . swam.swash , a. swoshfi, so and moist, like t too ripe.

swa n. moth (Ger. schwadm; Dut. swadc; Low Ger. swad. the row of grass left by the mower: v. Eng. swa . as much grass as the scythe cuts one stroke), t 0 line or row of grass as it lies on the left of the mower cut b his scythe; the whole breadth or sweep of the scyt e in mowing.

swaths, v. swath (Dut. swadcl. aswaddl -band-see swath), to make a bundle of ; to tie u in undies; to bandage: n. a bandage or fillet: 'ing. imp.: swathsd, pp. swallul.

sway, v. swd (Dut. zwaaym, to . to brandish: lcel. sociw'a. to bend: Norm. a-vaga: 11. scale. to

swing to and fro , to move backwards and forwards freely in the han : to wave or swing; to influence or direct by power or force; to hang in a hen unsteady manner; to lean to one side; to have in uence; to bear rule; to govern: n. the swi orsweepofawespon; the motion of a thin moving eavily; influence; power exerted in govern ng; any weight or authorit which iniclines to one side: swsy’ing, imp.: swa pp. 81004 .

swsal, v. me! (Low Ger. versuvlen, to burn away). to melt wastefully away like bad candles: to sings, as a hog: swsal'ing, imp; swealed, pg‘; sweld.

swear, v. swar (old . Ger. wdr; r. wnhncertain, assured: Low Geawaren, to prove by witnesses or documents: lcel. seam, to answer: Goth. mama, to swear), to afllrm on oath: to ap solemnly to God for the truth of what is stated; 0 administer an oath to; to declare a promise upon oath; to give evidence u n oath ; to use profane language. or use the name 0 God irreverently: swearing, imp.: ad). affirming upon oath; causing to swear: n. the act of affirming on oath; profane or irreverent language: swore, pt. swor, also sware, pt. swdr, did swear: sworn, pp. sworn, affirmed on oath: swsar’er, n. -ér, one who habitually uses rofane or irreverent language.

sweat, n. (lcel. .mm ,- AS. swat. sweat. blood: Sans. s-vaidas, sweat: L. sudor, sweat—from udm. wet, moist), the moisture which a pears on the skins of animals in hot weather, or dur ng severe exertion or labour; toil; labour; drudgery: v. to give forth moisture through the pores of t e skin; tocanse to erspire; to exude: to toil; to drudge: sweating, mp.: . giving forth moisture from the skin: a. the act 0 making to sweat; a kind of fermentation in the manufacture of tobacco-leaf for us:I : a process of fraudulently lessening the wci ht of old coin by shaking them in a bag; the emp oymen of working tailors at low wages: sweat or swsatsd, It. and p. sic-ct or modtféd: sweat‘sr, n. -ér, one w 0 or that which causes to sweat: sweat'y, a. J. moist with sweat; laborious ; toilsome: sweat'ily, ad. 4! .- sweat‘iness, n. mes. the state of being sweaty: sweatingbath, a hot bath which puts the body into a violent state of perspiration: swsatin -sicknem, a febrile epidemic illtlt'ihw, very fatal, whic prevailed in Europe in the 15th and 16th centuries, characterised by pro~ algae sweating: sweating-room. a room for maturing eesc.

Swede. n. ma (Ger. sdmede .- Sw. mask), a native of Sweden: a variety of turnip: Bwedish.a. su'éfdish. of or from Sweden; applied to a variety of turni .

Sweden n. swdiden-bdrfji-dn, one who olds the doctrines of the new Jerusalem Church. as taught by Emanuel Swedenbo . a Swedish philosopher, born am. 1688. died 1172: pert. to: ws'dsnhor'gianhm, n. -dn-tgz_téptl‘ile dloctrines of. to w’

sweep, v. ce sopa. to sweep pe; sapr, a besom: W. ysgub. a bosom: Bret. slruba. to sweep: L sc a. thin branches. twigs, a bosom), to brush or rub o with a broom or besom; to clean or remove. as by the motion of a broom; to strike or remove with a long stroke; to over with swiftness and violence. as water dash over a surface to or drive oi! with quickness and violence: to pass w thtgomp; to draw over, ason the bottom of a river: n. 0 act of brushing or rubbing oil with a broom; the length of reach or of s movi body; any of a shi shaped in a segment of a role; a rspi survey wit the eye; the direction of any motion not in s strai ht line; range: Iwsep’ing, imp.: adj. movin or dri ng as with a sweep; brushin over, as wit a broom;

cleaning with a room ng over: n. the act of one who or that which sweegs: swept. pt. p . swept.swseper, n. inveplér, one w o sweeps: swapl'rngiy, ad. 4%.- swesp'ings, n. plu. Jags. refuse ; rubbis : sweeps, n. plu. among seamen, largo oars used to propel small vessels in a calm: sw y, a. swcpli. passing with a sweeping motion, or wi s ; strutti ; wavy: sweep-net, a large net for rawing throng alarge extent of water: swm-zsshsr. one who extracts from the sweepings and of workers in gold and silver the lost particles of the precious metals: sweepItskd, 11. pin. stabs, the whole money or other thin staked or won at s horseruce, or in gaming: chimnsy-swsep, one who cleans chimneys oi the accumulnted soot.

sweet, a. swdtiAS. swat; Dut. wet.- lcel. sa'tr; Sans.

lead; L. suavis. sweet), grateful to the taste or smell: pleasing to any of the senses; having the taste of or hone ; soft; harmonious; unsalted; pure; d; gentle; b; not stale: n. somethingplessing orgrateiultotbe mind; ltsweet substance; "nets, n. plu. home-made wines. 6a.; cane-juice; confections made of or seasoned with sugar: swsst'ly. ad. 4!; swest‘nsss, n. mils, the quality of being grstenil to any of the senses; fragrance ; melody;softness; mildness: sweot'lsh. s. -Ish, somewhat sweet or grateful to the taste: swoet'ishness, n. wide. the uality 0! being sweetish: sweeten. v. s-wéfln, to m 0 sweet; to restore to urity or freshness; to render grateful or leasing othe mind; to pslliate; to make less painui: sweets , imp. steaming: n. act of making sweet; that wl ch makes sweet: sweetened, pp. met! ad.- sdj. made sweet. mild, or grateful: sweetener. n. mlalénér, one who or that which sweetens: 21::sesn or sweet-smelling. a. fragrant: swse psrsd, a tie and mil in disposition and manncrs: glandular; fleshy beiovlrnthe stomach. somew a resem s s tongue appearance; the cross: Into-fibrin or -hrier, s thorny shrub of t " rose kind. having a sweet fragrant smell: sweetheart. a lover: sweet herbs, migrant herbs miltivated for culinary purposes: swsetmssts. n. plu. confectionery articles made wholly or artly of sugar; iruit preserved with sugar: sweet- milk as it is drawn from the cow. as opposed to skimmed and butter milk : sweet-oil, olive'oi : sweet-pas, an annual plant of the pea kind, whose tlowcrs are beautiful and sweet-scented: sweet‘ tsto. a plant of the nus convolvulus. having tn ~rs much used for food a tropical countries: swsetwiiliam, a well-known beautiful flowering lsnt.

swell, v. N" (lce . swim, to swell : Dut. swollen, to boil, to spring: Ger. wullcn. to boil up). to increase the sire of; to expand or increase; to cause to increase or rise; to grow larger; to heave; to bulge out; to rise into ce or anger; to augment. as a note in music; to be pulled up: 11. increase or enlargement of bulk; increase. as of sound; in m mic. the gradual increase and diminution in the sound of a note; a gradual elevation of land; a succession of large waves; in familiar lnnguagr, a man of importance; a dressy foppish fellow. who apes a higher position than be

bay. the laurel: swestbrssd. a long. flat,


actually occupies; adandy: swsl . imp.: ad]. increasing; tumid; turgid. as style or n e: n. act of on g or increasin in bulk; inilat on; a tumour; any morbid en rgcment' rotubonmcc: swelled, pp. meld.enlarged n bulk; also swollen, 1p . swolln: swe ~mob, a company 0! welldressed t eves following their calling, and actin ' in concert: ground-swsll—see ground: 0 we . a certain numberof pipes enclosed in a box. the gradual

openin'guof which produces increased sound. swsl , v. swel-tér (mid. H. Ger. sweltm. to perish r: Icel. svelte, to famish: AS.

through heat or hun sweltan, to die). to s or oppressive heat; to be read to faint or perish from excessive heat: swel‘ts . imp.: adj. op ressed with heat: swsl’tered, pp. ‘ll/T : swel' , a. - , oppressive by excessive host; sultry.

swsp v. swept. pt. pp. of sweep, which see.

swerve, v (expressing the notion of a bum or confused noise: Dut. swerve-n. to wander, to revel: 8w. swirra, to whiz: Dan. sum. to burn. to buzz). to wander from; to rove; to deviate; to bend; to incline: swerv imp.: 11. act of wandering; deviation from any e, rule. or standard: swerved. pp. rtccrwi.

swift. a. swift (the idea of rapidity is commonly expressed by the figure of a smart blow: lcel. st'i'pa, to whip, to move quickly; set]. a sudden movement: Scot. swippcr, quick, sudden: AS. swipian, to whip. to do something with a momentary action). moving a great distance in a short time: quick; nimble; speedy; ready: n. a bird of the swallow tribe, so called from the rapidity of its flight: swift'sr, n. -é-r, among seamen. a rope used to conilne the bars of the capstan in their sockets; a rope used to defend from external injury the sides of a boat—applied to certain shrouds not conilned with the others: switt'ly, ad. 41: mmness, n mes, rapid motion; quickness: swift-footed, a. nimble; fleet of foot.

swig, v. swig (prov. Eng. rwidge, water or beer split on the floor). to drink in sounding gulps; to suck greodily (:L n. alargedraught: swig’ging, imp.: swiggsd,

.swig ppswill. v. mcil (AS. swilian, to wash: Dan. s1 lie. to rinse. to wash). to rinse; to wash out with wa r; to drink greedily: n. the mixture of liquid substances given to swine, also called swil , Jinqz; drink taken in excessive quantities: . imp.: . drinking grossly; intoxicating: swili pp. swil : swll'lsr, n. Jér. one who swiils or drinks eaviiy.

swim, v. swim (originally applied to the movement of water in agitation: lcel. womla. to splash. to paddle in water; swim, to move toand fro inaooni’uscd manner: Ger. sduremmm. to bathe in water; schwimmen. to swim). to move about on the surface of water by movements of the hands and legs; to move through water by means of has, as fish; to be carried along on the surface of water; to float on water- to cause to swim; not to sink; to have s waving feeling in the head, when the visible scene appears in unsteady movement like the surface of water; to be dizzy: n. a movement on the surface of water; the air-bladder of a fish which supports it in water: swim’ming, imp.: sdl. floating on a fluid: moving in or on water: it. the act or art of re lling the body through water by movements of e ds and feet; a iloatin ; dizzincss: swam or mm. t. swam or swim, di swim: swnm, pp. mm: 'mingly, ad. 4i. injmm'linr language, smoothly; without obstruction; with great success: swim'msr. n. one who or that which swims; a protuberance on a horse's log; a water-fowl.

swindle. v. ewtn'dl Ger. sdnm'ndc . swimming in the head-applied to ealln in which the parties seem to have lost their h ; schwi'ndder. one who induces delusions in others: lcel. sundla .- Dan. svimlz, to be dizzy). to cheat grossly under the pretence of fair dealing; to defraud with deliberate artifice: swin'dling, imp. -dlina.- adj. cheating: defrauding: n. act of grossly cheating; knnvcry: swindlsd, pp, slcinidld, grossly cheated: swin'dler, n. 41101‘. a chea ; one who makes it a practice to cheat and defraud Others.

swine, n. sing. or plu. flrin (Goth. srdn; Pol. swim'a, swine: Ger. sou.- AS. sugu; 1.. 5m. asow), a, pig: a sow; pigs collectively: swinish. a. Minis)’, rcscmblin a sow; gross; hoggish: swi’nishl , ad. 4! : n. mes. the state or quality 0 being swinish: swinsherd. a keeper of swine: swinestons, the fetid varieties of limestone, better known as still};stone: swins-sty, a pen or house for swine.

swing, v. swing (Ger. schm'ngm; Norm. winga. to sword-bearer, a city-oflloer who carries the sword as whirl. to brandish: Dut. eu'uncken; AS. swangcffan, the emblem of authorit: and notice before the chief to . to waver). to cause to wave or vibrate; to magistrate: sword-hel , the it round the waist wave oosely; to whirl round; to move to and fro; to from which the sword is suspended: sword-blade, the chance: pos tion at anchor, as a ship at each turn of knife or cuttingpart of a sword: sword-light, a battle the tide; in low in .to be hanged: n. motion where swords are the weapons em lo ed: sword

from one side to the other; a waving motion; an apparatus to swing in or from; unrestrained liberty or licence; the sweep of a moving body: swinging, imp.: sdi. moving to and fro; wavin ; brandis ing; great; huge: n. act of moving to an fro: swang or

swung, pt. swdng or awning. did swing: s . p. .HOllng.‘ swing'er, n. -d r, one who swings: “w, ad. ~81 ‘ii in a swinging manner; vastly; grea'ly: swing-grldge, a bridge that may be moved by swinglug: swing-plough a plough without a fore wheel under the beam: swing-tree, the bar of a mrriage to which the tntccs are fastened; also swingle-tree: swing-wheel,in a il'nwmcce, the wheel which drives a pendulum.

swin , v. swing‘ (AS. swingan, to do something with olent action; sweng, a blow: Fris. swinge. a flail: connected with swing), to beat saundly ; to whi : swinging. imp. swinijing: swings , p . swim’ : swingsl, n. swlngfgl, that part of a flail w ich fails on the n in thrashing: swingle, v. molngfgl, to beat; to cean or dress by beating, as flax; to swing or dangle: n. in wireworkq. a wooden spoke fixed to the barrel that draws the wire; a crank: swln’gling, imp. -gi£ng.- swinglsd, p . swinofgid: swingle-tree, the cross-bar of a on age, plough, to which the tmces of a harnessed home are fastened; a whiiiletree: swingle-tow, the coarse part of has separated from tho flner.

swinish, swinishness—see swine.

swipe, n. swip (another form of swaps : lcel. svi’pa, to move rapidly to and fro: Dut. wippm. to vibrate). a contrivanco for drawing water, consisting of a rod unevenly balanced on a (goat, havin a weight at the short end and a bucket at t e lo cog.

swipe, v. swtp (Norm. a i‘), thin and tasteless drink: Ger. schwappm. to splits 1), to drink oil hastily: swipes, 11. pin swtpz, skind or small-beer.

Swiss n. swts, a native of Switzerland; the language: hwitser, n. mufser, a native of Switzerland.

switch, n. swlcMimitative of the noise made by it in moving rapidly through the air : Low Ger. nmlksm, to make such anoise: prov. Ger. swufsclu', along thin rod), athin flexible branch of a tree; a twig; on the m-mnncnt way 010 railway. a movable part of a rail or the {Jurgose of transferring a carri from one line or rate to another: v. to strike w th a flexible

rod or twi : switch’ing, imp.: n. a beating with a switch: tched, p. swicht. Bwitser—see 8w ‘

swivel, n. swwil (lcel. svi’f. sudden movement: Norm. sviv, swing; sveiva, the crank or handle of a wheel), a fastening so contrived as to allow the thin fastened to turn freely round on its axis ; a ring whic turns upon a staple; a small cannon which turns on a pivot or staple, and which may be turned any wa : v. to turn on spin or pivot: swiv oiling, imp.: swivelied, pp. su'ivléld.

swollen or swoln, v. mvolfn, pp. of the verb swell, which see: MU. largely increased in bulk.

swoon, v. swan (AS. swiruinn. to consume, to lanzuish: old ll. Ger. swiwl/m, t1 languish. to fine: Bav. schwand. waste: Swiss, schwinden, to aint). to sink into a fainting fit. and appear as if (load: :1. a fainting tit: swoon‘ing, imp.: n. act of one who swoons: swoonod, p. swond. , v. swop ( rom sweep, which see), to take or seize w th a sweefiing movement; to catch while on the wing: to cute up: n. a sweeping movement; a sudden ailing on and seizing. as a bird of my on its victim: swoop'ing, imp.: swooped. pp. :1 P'

swop, v. swop (another form of swap: W. dump, a sudden stroke or blow). to exchange; to barter: swop ping, imp.: n. the act of exchanging or bartering: swopped, p . swopf. .

sword n. sor (AS. swurd; Dut. zwom'd ,- Dan. svwrd: lcel. svwrfh, a sword), a warlike weapon made of steel, consisting of a long knife-like blade, one side being a sharp cutting edge. and having a handle at one end—used as a weapon for stabbing and cutting; destruction by war; vengeance or justice ; emblem of power or of triumph: sword'less, a Jen. without a sword: sword-arm, the right ami: sword-bayonet, a bayonet having a shape somewhat like a sword:

fish, a large sea-fish having a remar ab e elongation of the upper jaw in the form of a sword-like weapon, meas from 10 to 15 feet in length: swordshsped, a shaped like a. sword; ensiform: swordsman, one skilful in the use of the sword: swordsmanship or swordmsnship, n. skilful use of tin_ sword : sword-stick, s walking-stickin which a sword is concealed.

swore, v. sn-or, pt. of swear: sworn, v. sworn, pp, of swear, which see.

swam, v. Sll‘flfll, pt. and p. ofl'hh. which see.

, v. swung, pt. an ofsw , which see.

8? to, n. sib-d-ru, an abitanto anc. S baris, in taly; an elleminate voluptuary: Byh‘sri to. a. -rilflk. pert. to or resembling a Sybarite.

sycsniin n. stkfd-mtn (Gr. sukaminos), supposed to 23 the blac mulberry-tree, but the species is uncer


sycamore, n. slkfd-mor (see ore), a wellknown British forest-tree, belon ug to the maple family, knovm by its live-lobed leaves and its profusion of flat-winged twin fruits, a different tree from

the Bible sycamore,- the plane-tree. s 000, n. st-sd'. the onl silver eurren of the C esc, in the form of s hemispherical umps.

sycoms, n. st-koima Gr. when. a fig). 8» ilg-shaped tumour: syconus, n. ends. in bot, an aggregate fruit where many flowers have been developed upon a fleshy receptacle, which is either a flattened disc or forms a nearly-closed cavité, as in the fig.

sycomore, n. sikfo-mofl r. sukomoms, the fig-mulberry-from sukon. a fig. and moron, a mulberry). a large tree allied to the common . whose (fruit. she like the fig. has a sweet and d cate taste, foun in Egypt and Syria.

syoophsnt, n. sUdo-fdnt (L. sycophonla ,- Gr. suko

hanles, one who informed against those who exported

gs from Attica contrary to law, a tale-bearor—from suit-on, a tig, and phaino. I show), a flnttorer of princes and great men ; a parasite; a mean or servile ilstterer: syc ophsncyl, n. Jan-st, obsequious and mean flst~ tery; servi ty: syc'o ‘tie, a. - dnfwc, flattering moan] : syc'ophsn’tish, a. 4M, e a syoophant: syc'opluntism, n. 4am, mean flattery; sycophsncy.

sycosis, n. at-kofsis (Gr. sulam, a fig). a skin disease, characterised by the formation of patches of tubercles on the skin of t e chin or upper lip. i syenite, n stie-nliflrom bylaw, in Up r ), a nitic rock com ed of felspar, qu ‘z, and umH \iende; any gmnl‘tl): rock in which hornblende pre~ dominates.

syepoorite, n. still-point. a sulphurct of cobalt. of a stcel-gre colour, found at San‘ . in indie—used by lndian eweilers to give s rose-colour to gold.

llshle, n. sufld-bl (1.. syllaba; Gr. sullabe, s. syl

lab o—from Gr. sun, together, and imnbano, I take), as much of a word as can be uttered distinctly by one effort of the voice; a word: syllable, a. sil-ldbilk, also syllsh'ioal, a. J-kdI, rt. to or consisting of a syllabe: syllab'lnlly, . 4!: syllsh'icste, v. Jrdf, to form into syllables: syllsb'icati , imp.: syllsb’tested, pp.: syl'lnhics'tion, n. 4:05 11", the act of ion into syllables, or dividiniv‘words into syllables; so syllsb'iiics’tion, n. -fl- ‘fishtln (it 1000, I make): syllabus, n. sllild-bils, an abstract; a table of contents; a compendium containing the heads of a dis~ course. '

syllsbub, n. stlfld-bilb—see sillsbub.

Igllepsis, n. rtl-ilplsis (Gr. _ get er—from sun. ether. and lam-bane, I take), in gram, a iignre by wh ch we accept the sense of words rather by the intention of the author than by their strict grammatical import: the ent of a verb or adjective with one rather than another of two nouns, with either of which it might agree: syllep'tic, a. of or pert. (L no?‘ Gr 81 u il0m,ll.fl:-flm .s'u mus; .iomime-mm sun. together. and Logizmnofll reckon), a form of ment consisting of three terms or propositions, the first two of which are mailed the re. misses. and the third the conclusion, and are such at if the premissesbesllowed as true, the conclusion must be true also. The following is a syllogismz—l. The

, a taklngto


world exhibits mnrks ofdealgn; 2. Whatever exhibit: mark! of dcsl n hmlan iutcll ent nuke ; 3. Therefore the world rad nnintelllgcu maker. lyi’lodu.v. » 'iz, to muon b syllogisms: lyi‘iogtltnl. imp.: Iyl'ogiled, pg. 1' .- Iy . n. ‘141'. one who muons ‘I s ‘110; ml: ryiiogtl’tic, n. its-TM, also Hugh'1. c , A. JHnU. port. to or in the form ofn uy ogiiun: Iyl loiil‘ticnlly, ml. 4L nyiph, n. rilj F. ryiphe, genius of the Air—from Gr. all he. in kind 0 beetle or moth . an i innry being in uniting tho nir; nfniry: Iyl dike. n. ikenu Fir": lylphh’id, u. 44. a little Iylph: lylph'ino, a. 41:. lbs a ny p . lylvnn, A. “Man, lino spelt lfl‘vnn ii. n'lvrr. a wood, uionest). pert. to n wood or grow; inhabiting wood]; woody; ahiuly: n. n wood-god; n Intyr: lyl’vn. n. ml, the forest-trees of any country. lylvnnito. n. sllfvdn-il. n muuo origlnnliy given to nativa telluriuln. from in brinr first found ill Trunnylvnnin; A valuable um of gnl lllld uilvur, of n blL'Clgrey or bmu- ullow colour. , aim ( ‘r. sun), in Greek prefix. another form

lyrn of which see.

Iym l, rt rimfMl (L q/mhoium; Gr. mmbolon. n lign or mark—from run. tngt'liler, urn hallo, i thruwi. n lig'n or mnrk by whil-h one knows or infer: a thing; some outward tokonmt‘vy whlth uomothir rnorul or spiritual in re recon or suggested to t e mind; a creed; nu emb em; a type; a letter or character having A distinctive signification; a roll 'ioun rite or out I'nrtl (orln renruaentin aurnething o no: Iyrnboiic, it. aim-Milk, nllo lymbo ’icni. n. 44ml, ex muse-i or repn-lentod by n-numhlonces or ni ; umtivc: ryrnbol’icdly,ml. -!t: Iynrboi'icl. n. p u. the study of symbols or creodl: ly'mbclln. v. umibol-u. to express by syirnbolnbgo hnlvgln mi-rahlnnco o‘! qunlizifis urpropertclflo ty t‘ :lym IMI‘,m.: . re ~reoentlngsymboiiusiy: lymbolilod, pp. lynx‘hoiin'tion, n. 4-zd5shlin. Mt of symbo luring; memblnncu in properties or qnnlitluu: lyrnbolinr, n. one who rymbolim: ryrnboiinn. n. 41m. the Inc of. or the being represented by. lymboix; among clmmsls, oouu-ut of parts or ingrwlientu: lynrbololy, n. rimboiiovjl. the art of expressing by symbols.

, n. ltm-ml-irl (Gr. summdria, an apt arrangement oi’ parts or members—from run. together. nnd mar-on. n meauuro: i". syméiru: It. rimMM), the duo proportion ofthc sever-oi prutii of n bodyto uuh other; harmony of parts; in hot. appliod to n flower, in mft'ft‘llt‘fl In t 0 parts being of tho name number, or rnnltlpiI-n 0! Wk other: tricd n sim-méllrt-kdl. prnportlonnl in All its pnrta; having rurmspondifixurta or mlations: Iynnnot'rically. mi. -ll: lyrnlno v. llmimébflz. to make proportional In All its ports; to cause to hora rorrrilpondlngr parts: ryrn'nntri'dng, imp.: Iynr mutriud, pr. 411d; um’motrht. n. 411', onu who in utudinun o lymmctry.

Iyrnrnthy, n. Rimfpmthl (Gr. nnnpnlMa. ooniormity of eeling—frum sun. togrthrr. and palm”. suifvrin; : F. rympalhir), fooling corresponding to that which another fcell; nn agreement of IKOI'UDI'II or inclination: which mnltu two persons plwrd with each other; fellow-fooling; compassion; in mat. tho rociprocni inflnenue examined by the vnrioul parts of

the body on one moth"; propensity of innninnmbodie- to unite. or to mutual notion: 'plthot'ic. it. JMHA'. III) III: Hell, n. .l-Qr. port. to or noting by lymput y; luueptible of Iympalh ; having common feeling with one another; in poll" npplit-d to the lymptoml and niieutionn which occur in parts mom or leu remote from the prirnnry mt of diseuo : Iynr’pnthot‘icnily, ad. -ii : lympnthatic nmn, tho ryntem otnr-rvm which no upooinlly mpplicd to the vtloen and biood-vmla: v. b-cthmdto hnve n oornrnon feeling wi h , ~ to ten uoroom onnto: Iyrn‘pnthl'ling, im .' a”. hair): life‘. by what anntifileir groin; tonrijr. comp-a: onnto: lyln'rm . - t: .- lyni' thl'. lor. n. Jhliztr, one w o feoln wi't umthor. n

In: , n. stmfjdmi (Gr. wflrphrmia. harmony of IOtllIdl— in run, tngvthur, and phw. n sound. n was. I conlonnnoa or harmony of mi 1N1 mumiu; a m cal composition for a full inmi (- instruments: the instrumental introduction: or torminntionn of vocal 00m itionl: Iyrnphoniou, l. rim-joini-vls. agreeing round: hnrrnonioua : Irlll’hohllfi, v. rtmf/Miu. to Agree with; to he in un son: Iyrn'phohilt. n. mud. n composer of lymphonios.

m, n. “mi/I'm (Gr. amnpmuil n grow

ing together—from sun. together. and piano, I grow: F. symphyw). in mum. thv union ofbonr-I by means of an intervening cnrtiirure, no as to form In immovlblo joint; in hurling by rho iirst intention; the collar ccnco of n nrrturnl pmnge.

lympielomotor, n. rlnHpt‘l-sdmM'Hv' (Gr. mm . i pron! togotin-r, and metro", a. momsun‘). a mi of barometer in which the prcsauru of the atmosphere, noting u uon oil. compnmses on Plflllii! gun in the up it?! part of t e instrument. or which. acting on a thin ' phmgm of metal, moves the index or pointer.

lymplou, n. almiplo-se (Gr. Kllmllufikd, an interweaving-mm sun, loguther, and Jrka, I twiru-i. in arm. the repetition of a word aéthe beginning, an another at tho end. of Intrusive cirrus“.

lympoliurn, u. rim-poiznlm iGr. sum )om'on. n lil'illklllifplfli—fi'flm Fun, ltlgl‘lht‘l’, an pino, I drink). a ilriu ing togrther; a merry frat.

lymptom, n. Aimflum (Gr. mmpioma. what happen! with another thing—from sun. tngvthor. and promo. a full: 1*. symptoms), something tlmt lm pens ill concurrent-e with nnuthur thing; thnt which illdii'fltt‘! dincaso; a mark ; a token: ptmnntic, n Marita-mat: 1k. also Iym 'tomat'icni. n. andH-Aul. iniiluuting the exisu-nou o noun-thing else: imp min: in concurrence with nor-nothing: Iyrnp'tomii 'icnlly,ad. ‘MHI; Iymptonutic diam, n disarm: which is dependent upon, or “'hii‘h ii an prom of. some other din-am‘. as dmpuy following use of the heart: tymp’tonutol'ogy. n. Jam-(M ‘i (Gr. Iogoli, n dilt'uunt‘), the part of medicine which routs of symptoms.

III- Mn (Gr. arm, with. tngv-tln-ri. a “rock prefix signifying "with"; to mthcnunitvd-na inn/"tax: rJn mum" the vnrlourr 0mm of ly. Iyl, or rym, rum-ordin: to the lr-itor which begins the other part of tho wurd-iv-rmnirnr ry before s, its in xystun ; sy/l boiorn i, u in prlinblo; uym before [1, b./, or w, ill in symphony.

rymbo .n.. nlno Iynrrodl, n. sin-b58411 (Gr. runm'ren's. a taking or drawing tmzi-thor—frorn sun. tonether. and hmn'o, i take or Mire). in QHIYIL, n tiguro by which two vowelsv naunlly iwpnmtml. nrn drawn together into one nyilnbie; tho oppolitfl of dimsir. rynngognn, n Hnfn‘gog (Gr. sunngoye, an assembly —i’rorn run. toizviht‘r. and (190. I lead : l’. rynu 091w), alnonsz the Jews. :1 cough-[ration met for “on ip. or for tho pr-rfurrnnnro of rvliglou! riton; it place of wor


rhi : mtfog'iul, n. w-i-kal, pert. to: lyn’ngogl i y, Id. - i. o lynnle n.. also It ofnfilJéfjd (Gr.

mmnlmp r. n nn-ltin together—from run. together. and ninphoJ anoint. ire-smear). in grant. the proves: of cutting off or nupnrensing a vowel It the rnd o! it word. whi-n the non vmrd begins with n vowel. nnthurcnl. n. sin-dull)" r115 (Grr run. together, on nniheros. ilowery. blooming—from author. nfiowl'fl, in hot. having the ntnmunn ulli‘t'tl by their onthan: rynnn’thol. n. vrims (Gr. mm. and onflms). in hot. having flowers and leaves which appear at the

some tim». Ill, n. rinidrJhré-[qis iGr. mar-throw, a.

being joined ethvr—i‘roru run. togoiher, and orIhm'n. in joint), onaL, a. union of bones without mot on.

carpool. n. rinJr'dr’ q (Gr. run. togothcr, and kn 3. fruit). in bot. hav n; the carpclu united lo m to arm one ovary or pintii.

Iynmtqormntic, n. sin-M!!!‘ r-Evmlillik (Cr. gun, with, null kntrqnrrmo. n prod clrtvi. in logic‘, is word which cunnot of itself be used as a term. a nu adverb. or a proposition

chondrnlil. n. rtnikdwdrofslr (Gr. run. Mgrthcr, nn climviror, n mrtilrurvl. in mum. the connection of bones by means of t‘nrtilago or zriutle.

chrou-i, n. rmiL-m-mrl. also lyn'chrunm, n. -m (Gr. mm. with. nncl chronw. time). hnp ning at the ulna time; of the some dnto or epoch; l multunoour: Iyn‘chmnl, u that which han x-na It the Baum time with nnmothing also: am e, n. rin-kninilk, lino lynchr-on‘ial. 1. Jim . ammo meaning a; syn(hroMl ; rynchron’icsily, ad. ~lt: lynchronin, v‘ uni kro-nlz. to agree in timu; to be nimnlumeoul: m’

Iim -Iyn'chroni.nd. p .mkd: rymhrtl Jrfiahnlmcnnfurrenceo evon :

intion, n. sin‘

lyn'chmnin. n. 4n». n iurpponi at the same time; in MM. tho tubular nrrnngcrnrnt n one view of con~ tern rnry porsonl. thinin. and evcntn. morning to dam-n: Iyn'chronoual . ml. 4|.

rynclinl. n. nil-tuna! (Gr. run. together. nod

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