22 pages matching language maintenance in this book
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Some General Theories
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age twenty-one Barrio Roosevelt basilect bilingual black Limonenses black population chapter Code switching Costa Rica Costa Rican blacks Creole and Spanish Creole language Creole speech community culture diglossia economic Espanol criollo Limonense ethnic factors Fasold friends G G G grandparents H B H H H H habla Hispanic idioma implicational scale incoming language InglÚs interlocutor Labov language attitudes language choice language death language maintenance language shift language use patterns language variation learned Spanish Limon Creole community Limon Creole speakers Meseta Central mesolect mother tongue national language neighborhood ninth night Oberwarters old female older onnrrL parents participant observer percent Port Limon prestige province of Limon questionnaire respondents over age scalability shift toward Spanish situation social sociolinguistic Spanish Limon creole speak Limon Creole speak Spanish speech community Standard English Standard Limon English study of language Table United Fruit Company Weinreich West Indian white collar workers younger respondents