Organic Pollutants: An Ecotoxicological Perspective, Second Edition

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CRC Press, Nov 18, 2008 - Science - 408 pages

Difficult to measure accurately and deal with effectively, organic pollutants continue to be a major hazard in the environment. Significantly expanded, the second edition of Organic Pollutants: An Ecotoxicological Perspective describes the mechanistic basis of ecotoxicology, using major groups of pollutants as illustrative examples, and explores the problem of complex mixtures of chemicals.

New in the Second Edition:

  • Expanded coverage of complex pollution problems and the exploitation of recent scientific and technological developments to investigate them
  • New chapters: Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals and their Environmental Impacts and Neurotoxicity and Behavioral Effects
  • Additional information on biomarker approaches and new technologies, such as microarrays assays, developed to address complex pollution problems

Tried-and-True Format Presents Updated Information

Keeping the same format that made the first edition so popular, the text begins with coverage of the basic principles underpinning the environmental behavior and effects of organic pollutants. It then describes the properties and ecotoxicology of major pollutants, discusses some issues that arise after consideration of the material in the second part of the text, and explores future prospects.

Mechanistic Approach Provides Basis for Development of New Strategies

The book takes a bottom up approach, describing the mechanisms by which pollutants have harmful effects on living organisms and how these effects are translated into adverse changes at the population level. This mechanistic approach supplies the basis for development of new mechanistic biomarker assays, which in turn provide measures of toxic effect and not merely of exposure, and subsequently provide evidence of causality between pollutant levels and ecological changes.

 

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Contents

Basic Principles
1
Chapter 1 Chemical Warfare
3
Chapter 2 Factors Determining the Toxicity of Organic Pollutants to Animals and Plants
17
Chapter 3 Influence of the Properties of Chemicals on Their Environmental Fate
67
Chapter 4 Distribution and Effects of Chemicals in Communities and Ecosystems
75
Major Organic Pollutants
99
Chapter 5 The Organochlorine Insecticides
101
Chapter 6 Polychlorinated Biphenyls and Polybrominated Biphenyls
133
Chapter 12 Pyrethroid Insecticides
231
Further Issues and Future Prospects
241
Chapter 13 Dealing with Complex Pollution Problems
243
Chapter 14 The Ecotoxicological Effects of Herbicides
257
Chapter 15 EndocrineDisrupting Chemicals and Their Environmental Impacts
265
Chapter 16 Neurotoxicity and Behavioral Effects of Environmental Chemicals
293
Future Prospects
319
Glossary
331

Chapter 7 Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins and Polychlorinated Dibenzofurans
151
Chapter 8 Organometallic Compounds
163
Chapter 9 Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
181
Chapter 10 Organophosphorus and Carbamate Insecticides
193
Chapter 11 Anticoagulant Rodenticides
219
References
337
Index
377
Back cover
415
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